Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 3

Overweight and Obesity

Tina Cloney*

Millikin University, Illinois, USA

*Corresponding Author: Tina Cloney, Millikin University, Illinois, USA.

Received: January 20, 2020; Published: February 07, 2020

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  Rates of overweight and obesity are too high in both children and adults across the United States and most other countries across the world [1,2]. The prevalence of obesity in childhood has doubled in 73 countries and continues to grow in many other countries [3]. The rate of overweight and obesity across the world in 0 to 5 years olds increased from 32 million children to 41 million children in 2016, and 107.7 million children overall [3,4]. There has been more than a 30% higher increase in the number of overweight or obese children in developing countries compared to developed countries. Overweight affects 21.4% of children in the United States [3]. Obesity affects 18.5% of children in the United States [6]. The age distribution among children is 13.9% of two to five year olds, 18.4% of six to 11 year olds, and 20.6% of 12 to 19 year olds [6]. Untreated childhood obesity often continues into adulthood [6].

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References

  1. Hales CM., et al. “Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States”. NCHS Data Brief, No. 288. 2015-2016 (2017). 
  2. Stevens GA., et al. “National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences”. Population Health Metrics 10 (2012): 22.
  3. GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators. Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years”. The New England Journal of Medicine (2017): 13-27.
  4. World Health Organization (WHO). Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (2019).
  5. Tabish SA. “Lifestyle Diseases: Consequences, Characteristics, Causes and Control”. Cardiology and Current Research 9.30 (2017): 00326.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Child Obesity Facts (2019).
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Obesity Among WIC – Enrolled Young Children (2019).
  8. Xu S and Xue Y. “Pediatric Obesity: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment”. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 19 (2016): 15-20.
  9. E’Adamo E and Caprio S. “Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: Epidemiology and Pathophysiology”. Diabetes Care 34 (2011): S161-S165.
  10. Nguyen D., et al. “Abnormal Cholesterol Among Children and Adolescents in the United States, 2011 – 2014”. NCHS Data Brief (2015). 
  11. Urrutia-Rojas X., et al. “High blood pressure in school children: prevalence and risk factors”. BMC Pediatrics 6 (2006): 32.
  12. Sharma AK., et al. “Prevalence and Severity of High Blood Pressure Among Children Based on the 2017 American Academy of Pediatric Guidelines”. JAMA Pediatrics 172 (2018): 557-565.
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Citation

Citation: Tina Cloney. “Overweight and Obesity". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.3 (2020): 01-02.



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