Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Environmental and Nutritional Health Awareness on Musca domestica as a Carrier of Parasites in Jos Metropolis, Plateau State-Nigeria

Agbalaka I Priscilla1, Obeta M Uchejeso2*, Ejinaka R Obiora1, Dajok D Godfrey3 and Jwanse I Rinpan4

1Department of Parasitology, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria
2Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria
3Department of Bacteriology, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria
4Health and Development Support Programme (HANDS), Jos, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Obeta M. Uchejeso, Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria.

Received: January 30, 2020; Published: February 06, 2020

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Abstract

Background: Musca domestica (houseflies) from the environment may be contaminated with various parasites of public health significance. Jos has numerous flies amidst various hips of refuse in various areas of the metropolis that could overwhelm community health professionals. 

Objectives: The study was aimed to create awareness among Jos residents and identify parasites found with houseflies in Jos.

Materials and Methods: An experimental study to detect parasites/Awareness Questionnaire involving 400 houseflies and 100 volunteers from 4 sites in Jos followed by statistical analysis. 

Result: Parasitic infection of houseflies within study area in relation to socio- demographics characteristics of respondents, shows that there was no significant difference at (p>0.05). Based on gender, male had infection of 29(42.6%) while female had 10(31.3%). Age of 10-20 years had 4(30.8%), 21-30 years 13(33.3%), 31 years and above 22(45.8%). Educational levels shows: No formal education 2(50.0%), primary level 7(43.8%), secondary level 10(34.5%), and tertiary 20(39.2%). Yes response for Knowledge on the Housefly borne diseases (92%) Knowledge of role in infection (93%) and Knowledge of transmission of typhoid, Dysentery, cholera (86%) but the prevalence of parasites are more on those that are not knowledgeable. There was significant difference in housefly infestation with parasite based on locations at (p<0.05) showing Terminus market 19(76.0%) and Federal school as the least 4(16.0%).

Conclusion: The residents of Jos metropolis are knowledgeable on the public environmental health effects of Musca domestica and there is a need for all community health practitioners to partner with government and non-governmental bodies to reduce parasite transport and diseases through Musca domestica

Keywords: Musca domestica; Parasites; Environmental Health Awareness; Jos

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Citation

Citation: Obeta M Uchejeso., et al.“Environmental and Nutritional Health Awareness on Musca domestica as a Carrier of Parasites in Jos Metropolis, Plateau State-Nigeria" Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.3 (2020): 01-06.



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