Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Assessment of Nutritional Status and Macronutrients Adequacy of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Attending Tertiary Health Care in Oman

Ghazi Daradkeh1*, Musthafa Mohamed Essa1,2, Ali AL - Maashani4, Samir Al-Adawi2,3, R Koshi2, Sameera Arabawi4, Rayan Amiri4 and Jokha Al Barashdi4

1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman
2Ageing and Dementia Research Group, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman
3Department of Behavioural Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman
4Khoula Hospital, Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman

*Corresponding Author: Ghazi Daradkeh, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman.

Received: January 17, 2020; Published: January 28, 2020

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Abstract

Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the nutritional status and nutritional adequacy of among attendees seeking consultation at the National Trauma Center, Oman, for the sequel of traumatic brain injury (TBI). 

Method: Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, body mass index, skinfold thickness) were estimated using standard protocol. Dietary intake was assessed by using “24 – Hour recall method”. Nutritional status and nutritional adequacy were analyzed electronically using a computer program (super tracker) to assess the adequacy/inadequacy of micronutrients. 

Results: Approximately 46% of attendees were classified as having ‘mild TBI’ while 12.7% and 40.8% were classified as moderate and severe TBI respectively. In terms of nutritional parameters, half of the cohort was at high risk of malnutrition (50.7%) while 12.7% and 36.6% were at moderate and no risk of malnutrition respectively. In terms of anthropometric status, 28.1% of attendees were underweight, while 16.9% and 7.1% were overweight and obese respectively. Approximately 30.2%, 43.0%, 24.8% and 54.1% were noted to have energy deficient in energy, carbohydrate, protein, and fiber respectively.

Conclusion: This study indicates that TBI patients in Oman are at a high risk of developing malnutrition, which in turn, could impede their road to recovery. Therefore, nutritional assessment and support is vital to improve patient’s outcomes amongst the TBI population.

Keywords: Traumatic Brain Injury; Nutrition Adequacy; Nutrition Assessment; Malnutrition

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Citation

Citation: Ghazi Daradkeh., et al. “Assessment of Nutritional Status and Macronutrients Adequacy of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Attending Tertiary Health Care in Oman". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.2 (2020): 01-07.



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