Zahra Sepehrmanesh1, Hossein Sarmast2*, Seyyed Alireza Moraveji3, Behina Sarmast4, Zohreh Mehri5 and Afshin Ahmadvan6
1MD, Full Professor of Psychiatry Kargarnegad Hospital, Medical University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
2MD, Cardiovascular Surgeon of Cardiac Surgery Hospital of Damascus University, Damascus, Syria
3MD, PHD, Full Professor of Occupational Health Department, Medical University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
4Medical Student of Medical University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
5MD, GP, Medical University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
6MD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Kargarnegad Hospital, Medical University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Hossein Sarmast, MD, Cardiovascular Surgeon of Cardiac Surgery Hospital of Damascus University, Damascus, Syria
Received: January 09, 2020; Published: January 27, 2020
Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood-onset neuro developmental disorders. Breast feeding has positive effects on physical health and mental development of child. This study evaluates relation between duration of breastfeeding and ADHD.
Method: A total of 404 children aged 7-12 years (196 children with ADHD and 208 children without ADHD) were studied. The questionnaire including the risk factors: sex, birth order, type of delivery, birth weight, gestational age, maternal age, pregnancy and delivery complications, neonatal drug history and duration of breastfeeding were used. Data were analyzed by t-test, chi square and logistic regression.
Result: Breastfeeding duration in children with ADHD was 17.05 months compared with 18.59 months in control group (p = 0.03). A stepwise logistic regression that included the variables found to be significant in univariate analysis demonstrated a significant association between ADHD and insufficient breastfeeding, male gender, and mother hypothyroidism and history of drug use in neonatal period.
Conclusion: The long duration of breastfeeding could be as protective factor in ADHD. However, the further studies are needed.
Keywords: ADHD; Breast Feeding; Children
Citation: Hossein Sarmast., et al. “Breast Feeding Duration and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.2 (2020): 126-131.
Copyright: © 2020 Hossein Sarmast., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.