Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Prevalence of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (EIBF) and Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) and Some Associated Factors among Mothers in Gombe Metropolis, Gombe State, Nigeria

Kelechi-Ebisike VivianO1*, Solomon Mariam D1, Jaryum Kiri H1, Ebisike Kelechi J2, Danjin Mela3

1Department of Biochemistry, University of Jos, Nigeria

2Department of Paediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, Nigeria

3College of Nursing and Midwifery, Gombe, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Kelechi-Ebisike Vivian O, Department of Biochemistry, University of Jos, Nigeria.

Received: December 06, 2019; Published: December 26, 2019



  The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have identified Early Initiation of Breast Feeding (EIBF) and Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) in the first six months of life as goal - oriented strategies for optimal nutrition in early childhood. However, this is yet to be reached in developing countries of which Nigeria is one. The study was designed to determine the prevalence of early initiation of breast feeding and exclusive breastfeeding and the factors associated with the practices in the study area. The study was a cross-sectional study conducted among mothers attending selected Primary Health Care Centres in Gombe Metropolis, Nigeria. By systematic random sampling technique, Two-hundred and nine mothers of children aged 6-23 months were sampled. By utilizing a short-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire, data on socio-demographic characteristics, awareness and practices around EIBF and EBF was collected. The prevalence of EIBF in the study was 83.3% and EBF was 41.3%. EIBF and EBF had a significant relationship with mother’s age (p-value=0.001 and p-value=0.009 respectively). There was significant association between EBF and other independent variables including mother’s educational level (p-value= 0.014) and awareness of EBF (p-value=0.009). There was no significant association with EBF and father’s monthly income and mother’s occupation. To derive long-term benefits from early childhood nutrition, interventions should focus on girl child education and community-based sensitization programmes on the need for all mothers to engage in EIBF and EBF for global development.

Keywords: Early Initiation of Breastfeeding; Exclusive Breastfeeding; Ante-natal Clinic;; Early Childhood Nutrition; Breastfeeding Practice



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Citation: Kelechi-Ebisike Vivian O., et al . “Prevalence of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (EIBF) and Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) and Some Associated Factors among Mothers in Gombe Metropolis, Gombe State, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.1 (2020): 130-135.


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