Rohitashw Kumar1*, Harender Raj2 and Prahlad Jat3
1Division of Agricultural Engineering, Sher-e- Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Srinagar (J&K), India
2Department of Plant Pathology and Mycology, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, India
3Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
*Corresponding Author: Rohitashw Kumar, Division of Agricultural Engineering, Sher-e- Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Srinagar (J&K), India.
Received: May 18, 2018; Published: July 05, 2018
Citation: Rohitashw Kumar., et al.“Threat and Mitigation of Ground Water Contamination in India”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 2.8 (2018).
In India groundwater is a critical resource, which accounting for over 65% of irrigation water and 85% of drinking water supplies. Groundwater is the world's largest freshwater resource, is important for irrigated agriculture and hence for global food security. The groundwater is considered to be less vulnerable than surface sources to climate fluctuations and can therefore help to stabilize agricultural populations and reduce the need for farmers to migrate when drought threatens agricultural livelihoods . In other words, groundwater resources provide a reliable drought buffer in large regions of the world . However, uncontrolled extraction without commensurate recharge and leaching of pollutants from fertilizers and pesticides has resulted in pollution of groundwater . Leaches from agriculture, ground water is threatened with pollution from various sources viz., domestic wastes, industrial wastes, agricultural wastes, run off from urban areas and soluble effluents. All of these contaminants can find their way into local water bodies, and subsequently lead to the water quality problems. Ground water can be contaminated when rainfall and surface runoff pass through contaminated soil
Copyright: © 2018 Rohitashw Kumar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.