Acta Scientific Nutritional Health

Review ArticleVolume 2 Issue 6

Social Support: A Correlate of Glycemic Control among Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Farah Habib1* and Anisa M Durrani2

1Research Scholar, Home Science Department, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Professor, Home Science Department, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Farah Habib, Research Scholar, Home Science Department, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Received: April 12, 2018; Published: May 10, 2018

Citation: Farah Habib and Anisa M Durrani. “Social Support: A Correlate of Glycemic Control among Type 2 Diabetic Patients”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 2.6 (2018).

Abstract

  Diabetes is a progressive disease, which needs behavioral modification to control over the disease and social support has been linked with improved self-management behavior. The purpose of the present study is to find the correlation between perceived social support and glycemic level among type 2 diabetic patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 200 type 2 diabetes patients between 30 - 60 years of age, with no co-morbidity in OPD of Rajiv Gandhi Centre of Diabetes and Endocrinology, JNMC, Aligarh. Individual interviews were performed to gather information through Diabetes Family Behavior Checklist (Schafer, McCaul and Glasgow, 1986)- a 16 item five-point Likert type scale and glycemic level was measured by glycosylated hemoglobin. The Pearson correlation coefficient showed that social support related to diet (r = 0.215, p < 0.01), blood glucose testing (r = 0.167, p < 0.05), medication (r = 0.141, p < 0.05) and diabetes self-care (r = 0.216, p < 0.01) was significantly correlated with glycemic level. It was concluded from the results that social support not itself directly but through compliance to recommended regimens positively related to the glycemic level of the patients.

Keywords: Diabetes; Social Support; Glycemic Level; HbA1c

Copyright: © 2018 Farah Habib and Anisa M Durrani. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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