Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Review article Volume 6 Issue 10

Ploidy manipulation for enhancement in fruit quality

Vishal B Mhetre*, Parth Jadhav, Mukesh Shivran, Amrut Morade and Narendra Singh

Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India

*Corresponding Author: Vishal B Mhetre, Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.

Received: August 30, 2022; Published: September 26, 2022

Abstract

Fruits are storehouses of phytochemicals and other bioactive substances promoting good health. Numerous environmental and genotypic variables may influence the quality of fruits. Ploidy manipulation is one of several methods used to improve the quality of fruits, including breeding and other biotechnological methods. Colchicine and oryzalin, antimitotic agents that alter ploidy levels, are being utilized widely. Increasing up and down the number of chromosomes in a species within a polyploid sequence constitutes ploidy manipulation. There are several ways to manipulate ploidy, including endosperm culture, chromosomal duplication, interploid hybridization, sexual polyploidization, and the creation of haploids. Ploidy modification may be a practical approach to improve the fruit quality attributes with these cutting-edge methods.

Keywords: Chromosome Doubling, Colchicine, Fruit Quality, Haploids, Ploidy Manipulation, Polyploidy

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Citation

Citation: Vishal B Mhetre., et al. “Ploidy manipulation for enhancement in fruit quality". Acta Scientific Agriculture 6.10 (2022): 45-53.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Vishal B Mhetre., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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