Ploidy manipulation for enhancement in fruit quality
Vishal B Mhetre*, Parth Jadhav, Mukesh Shivran, Amrut Morade and Narendra Singh
Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
*Corresponding Author: Vishal B Mhetre, Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.
August 30, 2022; Published: September 26, 2022
Fruits are storehouses of phytochemicals and other bioactive substances promoting good health. Numerous environmental and genotypic variables may influence the quality of fruits. Ploidy manipulation is one of several methods used to improve the quality of fruits, including breeding and other biotechnological methods. Colchicine and oryzalin, antimitotic agents that alter ploidy levels, are being utilized widely. Increasing up and down the number of chromosomes in a species within a polyploid sequence constitutes ploidy manipulation. There are several ways to manipulate ploidy, including endosperm culture, chromosomal duplication, interploid hybridization, sexual polyploidization, and the creation of haploids. Ploidy modification may be a practical approach to improve the fruit quality attributes with these cutting-edge methods.
Keywords: Chromosome Doubling, Colchicine, Fruit Quality, Haploids, Ploidy Manipulation, Polyploidy
- , et al. “An Effective Nutrient Media for Asymbiotic Seed Germination and In Vitro Seedling Development of Phalaenopsis ‘Bahia Blanca’”. Journal of Ornamental Plants8.3 (2018): 183-192.
- Amah Delphine., et al. “Effects of in vitro polyploidization on agronomic characteristics and fruit carotenoid content; implications for banana genetic improvement”. Frontiers in Plant Science10 (2019): 1450.
- Bartels Paul G and James L Hilton. "Comparison of trifluralin, oryzalin, pronamide, propham, and colchicine treatments on microtubules”. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology4 (1973): 462-472.
- Blakeslee AF and AG Avery. "Colchinine and double diploids”. Journal of Heredity (1937).
- Chan Jason CS., et al. “Polyploidy but Not Range Size Is Associated with Seed and Seedling Traits That Affect Performance of Pomaderris Species”. Frontiers in Plant Science12 (2021): 779651-779651.
- Chandler JL and JW Grosser. "Acid citrus fruit cultivar improvement via interploid hybridization”. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 113 (2000).
- Chase SS. "Analytic breeding of polyploid varieties”. Agronomy 63 (1962).
- Das, Antara, et al. "Development of haploid and double haploid in fruit crops-A review”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences5 (2018): 2119-2132.
- De Storme Nico and Danny Geelen. "Sexual polyploidization in plants-cytological mechanisms and molecular regulation”. New Phytologist3 (2013): 670-684.
- Detrez C., et al. “Phenotypic and karyotypic status of Beta vulgaris plants regenerated from direct organogenesis in petiole culture”. Theoretical and Applied Genetics4 (1989): 462-468.
- Emsweller SL and ML Ruttle. "Induced polyploidy in floriculture”. The American Naturalist759 (1941): 310-328.
- Erfani MARYAM., et al. “In vitro shoot proliferation and rooting of Garnem rootstock as influenced by basal media, plant growth regulators and carbon sources”. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology3and4 (2017): 101-109.
- FAO Statistical Yearbook. “WORLD FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 2021 STATISTICAL YEARBOOK” (2021).
- Germana Maria Antonietta. "Doubled haploid production in fruit crops”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture2 (2006): 131-146.
- Glowacka Agnieszka., et al. “Pomological characteristics and ploidy levels of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) cultivars preserved in Poland”. Plants10.5 (2021): 884.
- Grant Verne. "Plant speciation”. Columbia University Press (1981).
- Gu XF., et al. “In vitro induction of tetraploid plants from diploid Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Zhanhua”. Plant Cell Reports11 (2005): 671-676.
- Hamill SD., et al. “In vitro induction of banana autotetraploids by colchicine treatment of micropropagated diploids”. Australian Journal of Botany6 (1992): 887-896.
- Hancock James F., et al. “Our southern strawberry heritage: Fragaria chiloensis of Chile”. HortScience5 (1999): 814-816.
- Hao Y-J., et al. “Cell size as a morphological marker to calculate the mitotic index and ploidy level of citrus callus”. Plant Cell Reports12 (2002): 1123-1127.
- Heinz Don J and Grace WP Mee. "Colchicine‐Induced Polyploids from Cell Suspension Cultures of Sugarcane 1”. Crop Science6 (1970): 696-699.
- Hias Niek., et al. “Effect of polyploidization on morphology in two apple (Malus× domestica) genotypes”. Horticultural Science2 (2017): 55-63.
- Hugdahl Jeffrey D and Louis C Morejohn. "Rapid and reversible high-affinity binding of the dinitroaniline herbicide oryzalin to tubulin from Zea mays L”. Plant Physiology3 (1993): 725-740.
- Khosravi Pegah., et al. “Role of mitotic inhibitors and genotype on chromosome doubling of Rosa”. Euphytica2 (2008): 267-275.
- Kihara H and T Ono. "Chromosomenzahlen und systematische gruppierung der Rumex-arten”. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie3 (1926): 475-481.
- Kitamura Satomi., et al. “Mechanism of action of nitrous oxide gas applied as a polyploidizing agent during meiosis in lilies”. Sexual Plant Reproduction1 (2009): 9-14.
- Kumar M Kishor and M Usha Rani. "Colchiploidy in Fruit Breeding-A review”. Horticulture6 (2013).
- Kyriacou Marios C and Youssef Rouphael. "Towards a new definition of quality for fresh fruits and vegetables”. Scientia Horticulturae234 (2018): 463-469.
- Leung Ying Ying., et al. “Colchicine-update on mechanisms of action and therapeutic uses”. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism3 (2015).
- Levin Donald A. "Polyploidy and novelty in flowering plants”. The American Naturalist1 (1983): 1-25.
- Liu Rui Hai. "Potential synergy of phytochemicals in cancer prevention: mechanism of action”. The Journal of Nutrition12 (2004): 3479S-3485S.
- Ma Christopher., et al. “Dinitroaniline activity in Toxoplasma gondii expressing wild-type or mutant α-tubulin”. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy4 (2010): 1453-1460.
- Ma XH., et al. “A series of Polyploid grape cultivars and their structural identification of ploidy character”. XI International Conference on Grapevine Breeding and Genetics 1082 (2014).
- Martin Carolina., et al. “Polyploidy in fruit tree crops of the genus Annona (Annonaceae)”. Frontiers in Plant Science10 (2019): 99.
- MoA and FW. “2021-22 (Second Advance Estimates) of Area and Production of Horticulture Crops, Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government. of India (2022).
- Mondin Mateus., et al. “In vitro induction and regeneration of tetraploids and mixoploids of two cassava cultivars”. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology18 (2018): 176-183.
- Morejohn LC., et al. “Oryzalin, a dinitroaniline herbicide, binds to plant tubulin and inhibits microtubule polymerization in vitro”. Planta2 (1987): 252-264.
- Morejohn Louis C., et al. “Tubulins from different higher plant species are immunologically nonidentical and bind colchicine differentially”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences5 (1984): 1440-1444.
- Mujib A. "Colchicine induced morphological variants in pineapple”. Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology2 (2005): 127-133.
- Murashige Toshio and Richard Nakano. "Tissue culture as a potential tool in obtaining polyploid plants”. Journal of Heredity4 (1966): 115-118.
- Murthy Jaitra V., et al. “Competitive inhibition of high-affinity oryzalin binding to plant tubulin by the phosphoric amide herbicide amiprophos-methyl”. Plant Physiology1 (1994): 309-320.
- Nasr ML., et al. “In vitro induction of autotetraploid watermelons using colchicine and four dinitroaniline compounds”. Proceedings of International Conference of Genetic Engineering and Its Applications, Sharm Elsheik, Egypt (2004).
- Notsuka Kazunori., et al. “Induced polyploid grapes via in vitro chromosome doubling”. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science5 (2000): 543-551.
- Nukaya Tsunaki., et al. “Characteristics in autotetraploid kumquats (Fortunella) induced by colchicine treatment to nucellar embryos and their utilization for triploid breeding”. Scientia Horticulturae245 (2019): 210-217.
- Ochatt Sergio J. "Flow cytometry (ploidy determination, cell cycle analysis, DNA content per nucleus)”. Medicago truncatula13 (2006).
- Ochatt Sergio J. "Flow cytometry in plant breeding”. Cytometry Part A: The Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology7 (2008): 581-598.
- Ochatt SJ., et al. “Ploidy level determination within the context of in vitro breeding”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)3 (2011): 329-341.
- Ortiz Rodomiro. "Analytical breeding”. 24th International Horticultural Congress: Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruits and Nuts 622 (2002).
- Park SM., et al. “Male and female fertility in triploid grapes (Vitis complex) with special reference to the production of aneuploid plants”. VITIS-GEILWEILERHOF-1 (2002): 11-20.
- Phivnil Kulthinee., et al. “Flow cytometric assessment of ploidy in native resources of Actinidia in Japan”. Journal of the American Pomological Society1 (2005): 44.
- Planchais Séverine., et al. “Chemical inhibitors: a tool for plant cell cycle studies”. FEBS Letters1-2 (2000): 78-83.
- Podwyszynska Malgorzata., et al. “Chromosome Doubling in Genetically Diverse Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) Accessions and Evaluation of Tetraploids in Terms of Phenotype and Ability to Cross with Highbush Blueberry (V. corymbosum L.)”. Agronomy11.12 (2021): 2584.
- Pomper Kirk W., et al. “Ploidy level in american persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) cultivars”. HortScience1 (2020): 4-7.
- Rajasekaran K and MG Mullins. "Embryos and plantlets from cultured anthers of hybrid grapevines”. Journal of Experimental Botany3 (1979): 399-407.
- Ramanna MS and E Jacobsen. "Relevance of sexual polyploidization for crop improvement–A review”. Euphytica1 (2003): 3-8.
- Ramsey Justin and Douglas W Schemske. "Pathways, mechanisms, and rates of polyploid formation in flowering plants”. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics (1998): 467-501.
- Raza Hasnain., et al. “In vitro induction of polyploids in watermelon and estimation based on DNA content”. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 3 (2003): 298-302.
- Rego MM do., et al. “In vitro induction of autotetraploids from diploid yellow passion fruit mediated by colchicine and oryzalin”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)3 (2011): 451-459.
- Sarkilahti Eliisa. "Micropropagation of a mature colchicine-polyploid and irradiation-mutant of Betula pendula Roth”. Tree Physiology2 (1988): 173-179.
- Sattler Mariana Cansian., et al. “The polyploidy and its key role in plant breeding”. Planta2 (2016): 281-296.
- Sedov EN., et al. “Development of triploid apple cultivars as a priority in selection”. Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research7 (2017): 773-780.
- Soltis Douglas E., et al. “Polyploidy and angiosperm diversification”. American Journal of Botany1 (2009): 336-348.
- Ramulu K Sree and P Dijkhuis. "Flow cytometric analysis of polysomaty and in vitro genetic instability in potato”. Plant Cell Reports3 (1986): 234-237.
- Simmonds NW. "Polyploidy in plant breeding”. (1980).
- Stebbins G Ledyard. "Variation and evolution in plants”. Columbia University Press (1950).
- Sun De-Quan., et al. “Production of triploid plants of papaya by endosperm culture”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)1 (2011): 23-29.
- Tan Feng-Quan., et al. “Polyploidy remodels fruit metabolism by modifying carbon source utilization and metabolic flux in Ponkan mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco)”. Plant Science289 (2019): 110276.
- Tate Jennifer A., et al. “Polyploidy in plants”. The Evolution of the Genome. Academic Press (2005): 371-426.
- Taylor NL., et al. “Doubling the Chromosome Number of Trifolium Species Using Nitrous Oxide 1”. Crop Science4 (1976): 516-518.
- “The American Naturalist. Symposium on theoretical and practical aspects of polyploidy in crop plants”. The American Naturalist 75 (1941): 289-365.
- Thomas Julian., et al. “Chromosome doubling of haploids of common wheat with caffeine”. Genome4 (1997): 552-558.
- Thomas Thuruthiyil Dennis and Rakhi Chaturvedi. "Endosperm culture: a novel method for triploid plant production”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture1 (2008): 1-14.
- Touchell Darren H., et al. “In vitro ploidy manipulation for crop improvement”. Frontiers in Plant Science11 (2020): 722.
- Tresch Stefan., et al. “Herbicidal cyanoacrylates with antimicrotubule mechanism of action”. Pest Management Science: formerly Pesticide Science11 (2005): 1052-1059.
- Van Duren M., et al. “Induction and verification of autotetraploids in diploid banana (Musa acuminata) by in vitro techniques”. Euphytica1 (1996): 25-34.
- Vaughn Kevin C and Larry P Lehnen. "Mitotic disrupter herbicides”. Weed Science3 (1991): 450-457.
- Viloria Z., et al. “Immature embryo rescue, culture and seedling development of acid citrus fruit derived from interploid hybridization”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture2 (2005): 159-167.
- Wang Xiling., et al. “Breeding triploid plants: a review”. Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding2 (2016): 41-54.
- Wang Lihu., et al. “Morphological, cytological and nutritional changes of autotetraploid compared to its diploid counterpart in Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.)”. Scientia Horticulturae249 (2019): 263-270.
- Winkler H. "Uber die experimentelle Erzeugung von Pflanzen mit abweichen den Chromosomenzahlen. Zeitschr. f”. Bot Bangladesh 8 (1916).
- World Health Organization. (2020) World Health Organization (2020). Healthy diet (2020).
- Wu Jin-Hu., et al. “Fruit quality in induced polyploids of Actinidia chinensis”. HortScience6 (2013): 701-707.
- Wu Jin-Hu., et al. “Induced polyploidy dramatically increases the size and alters the shape of fruit in Actinidia chinensis”. Annals of Botany1 (2012): 169-179.
- Wu Jin-Hu., et al. “Manipulation of ploidy for kiwifruit breeding: in vitro chromosome doubling in diploid Actinidia chinensis Planch”. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)3 (2011): 503-511.
- Xue Hao., et al. “Comparison of the morphology, growth and development of diploid and autotetraploid ‘Hanfu’apple trees”. Scientia Horticulturae225 (2017): 277-285.
- Yahata Masaki and Hisato Kunitake. "Flowering and fruiting haploid and doubled haploid pummelos”. Citrus-Health Benefits and Production Technology. Intech Open (2018): 95-113.
- Zonneveld BJM and F Van Iren. "Genome size and pollen viability as taxonomic criteria: application to the genus Hosta”. Plant Biology2 (2001): 176-185.