Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 8

Impact of Sociodemographic Factors in the Access to Early Postnatal Care Service Among Women of Urban Slum in Bangladesh

Mohammad Ashraful Hasan1* and Md. Arif Al Mujahid2

1MBBS (SUST), Masters in Global Health and Development, Hanyang University, Korea, Resident Physician (Junior Consultant), Dhaka Mohanagar General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2MBBS (CU), Post-Graduate Diploma, University of South Wales, UK, Medical Officer, Dhaka Mohanagar General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Ashraful Hasan, MBBS (SUST), Masters in Global Health and Development, Hanyang University, Korea, Resident Physician (Junior Consultant), Dhaka Mohanagar General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Received: July 03, 2023; Published: July 13, 2023

Abstract

Background: Postnatal care (PNC) is defined as care given to the mother along with her newborn baby immediately after the birth of the placenta and for the first six weeks of life. This (PNC) covers general care of both the mother and the baby as well as danger signs in the postnatal period. The postnatal period is considered very critical to the health for survival and is the most vulnerable time for a mother and newborn. The majority of maternal death occurs after delivery but the postnatal period is the most ignored time for the establishment of quality services yet now in Bangladesh.

Aim of the Study: This study aimed to assess the impact of sociodemographic factors on the access to early postnatal care services among women of urban slums in Bangladesh.

Methods: This was a community-based cross-sectional descriptive quantitative study conducted among the women of reproductive age who gave birth in the last year before the study period in different slums of Dhaka South City Corporation, Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period from September to October 2016. A stratified sampling method was followed to select a total of 382 study participants for this study. Data were collected using a pretested structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Chi-square and binary logistic regression analysis were carried out by using SPSS version 21.

Results: The socio-demographic factors including women’s education, household income, residence, husband’s education and occupation, and physical violence from husbands against women, significantly affected the access of the participants to postnatal care service utilization. Besides these, the knowledge of the respondents in PNC service regarding physical examination, BP checking, family planning, breastfeeding counseling and baby immunization also affected their access to PNC significantly. In assessing all those factors, the p-values were found as <0.001 except for baby immunization where the p-value was 0.003.

Conclusion: Year after year, several sociodemographic factors have been affecting the access of women in urban slums to early postnatal care services in Bangladesh. In this country, there is a crucial need for public health interventions to increase the access rate to early postnatal care services that should target women who need this service at the appropriate time.

 Keywords: Impact; Sociodemographic Factors; Access; Postnatal Care; Women; Urban Slum

References

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Citation

Citation: Mohammad Ashraful Hasan and Md. Arif Al Mujahid. “Impact of Sociodemographic Factors in the Access to Early Postnatal Care Service Among Women of Urban Slum in Bangladesh". Acta Scientific Women's Health 5.8 (2023): 14-21.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Mohammad Ashraful Hasan and Md. Arif Al Mujahid. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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