Sandra Yesenia Salas-Luna1, Jaime Salvador-Moysén2*, Edgar Felipe Lares-Bayona2, Yolanda Martínez-López2
1Emergency Laboratory, General Hospital "Santiago Ramón y Cajal" Institute of Social Security for State Workers, Durango, Mexico
2Academic Group of Public Health and Epidemiology, Institute of Scientific Research, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, México
*Corresponding Author: Jaime Salvador-Moysén, Academic Group of Public Health and Epidemiology, Institute of Scientific Research, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, México.
Received: March 17, 2023; Published: April 19, 2023
Objective: To know the condition of Healthy Development in its different domains, of a group of adolescents of both genders, from 12 to 16 years of age, who attend an upper secondary educational institution in a socioeconomically disadvantaged context in the city of Durango. Mexico.
Material and Methods: The design of the study was descriptive, observational, cross-sectional. The study instruments used were: a sociodemographic data questionnaire, a scale to assess the perception of the Neighborhood and the Domains of Healthy Development construct. Study Group: It was made up of 193 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 16, of both genders who attended an upper secondary educational institution in the city of Durango, Mexico.
Results: The total number of participants said to live with relatives and more than 70% with their parents and brothers. It was observed that the perception of the conditions of their Neighborhood were satisfactory, with a positive social interaction characterized by the psychosocial support of the members of the environment, the use of free time and the clear sense of roots to their social context. With reference to the use of free time, more than 95% employ it with their family and with friends in different contexts: the street, sports centers and youth groups. The scores obtained in the different domains of the construct of healthy development, (DOHEDE.) ranged between 11.16 and 12.98 of a maximum possible of 15, with the exception of the physiological domain or self-regulation that although it showed a bit minor values were also satisfactory.
Conclusions: The values obtained through the application of the construct which measures the Domains of Healthy Development, showed satisfactory uniform results in practically all the domains evaluated and in both sexes. It is important to highlight the favorable conditions of the family context of all the participants and the existing social capital in their neighborhood.
Keywords: Adolescent Health; Public Health, Research; Social Environment; Resilience; Social Capital
Citation: Jaime Salvador-Moysén., et al. “Healthy Development and Neighborhood, in Adolescents of the city of Durango". Acta Scientific Women's Health 5.5 (2023): 25-32.
Copyright: © 2023 Jaime Salvador-Moysén., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.