Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 3

Prevalence of Visual Acuity Among Adults (25 years) and Above in a Rural Community Area of Punjab

Palvi Bhunal and Raman Kalia*

Phd Principal, Saraswati Nursing Institute, India

*Corresponding Author: Raman Kalia, Phd Principal, Saraswati Nursing Institute, India.

Received: January 03, 2023; Published: February 13, 2023

Abstract

Background: Vision is the main way of incorporation among the human being and the exterior surroundings. It consults to the means to recognize the shape and particulars of the things a person sees.

Objectives: 1. To assess the prevalence of visual acuity among adults of selected community areas. 2. To determine the factors associated with low vision among study subjects. 3. To assess the visual function among adults of selected community areas. 4. To provide health education related to care of eyes using a pamphlet.

Material and Methods: A ‘non-experimental’ (Quantitative) descriptive design was used “to assess the prevalence of visual acuity among adults (25 years and above)”.The sample size was 200 adults from selected community areas. Samples were selected by convenience sampling technique. Snellen’s and E-chart was used for the evaluation of the ‘distance visual acuity’ and near vision chart (Snellen’s and E-chart) for testing ‘near visual acuity’. Assessment of factors associated with low vision, by interview method. Development of self-structured visual function questions for testing of visual function by interview method.

Results: Analysis revealed that out of 200 subjects 57 subjects had distance visual impairment and 44 subjects had near visual impairment. From distance visual impairment of right eye of subjects there was only one significance associated with low vision and factors associated with it that is based on present eye disorder, from distance visual impairment of left eye of subjects there was only one significance associated with low vision and factors associated with it that is based on history of brain injury and other factors have no-significance associated with low vision and the factors associated with it at level of p < 0.05 level of significance. From near visual impairment of (right eye, left eye) of subjects there were no significance associated with low vision and the factors associated with it at level of p < 0.05 level of significance. Visual function question showed that 98.5% subjects had no visual function problem, 01.5% subjects had a little problems in visual function, and 00% subjects comes under cannot do at all.

Conclusion: The conclusions were drawn on the basis of findings of the research. The results show that mainstream of subjects had normal vision but less than half of subjects had visual impairment which was associated with factors of low vision. Findings highlight the need for more intensive efforts to improve visual acuity so as to reduce the morbidity factors.

Keywords: Distance Visual Acuity; Near Visual Acuity; Adults

References

  1. Vision impairment and blindness (2022).
  2. Maberley DL., et al. “The prevalence of low vision and blindness in Canada”. Eye Lond Engl.3 (2006): 341-346.
  3. He Y., et al. “Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in population more than 50 years old: The Shaanxi Eye Study”. Medicine (Baltimore)20 (2020): e20109.
  4. Rezapour J., et al. “Prevalence of depression and anxiety among participants with glaucoma in a population-based cohort study: The Gutenberg Health Study”. BMC Ophthalmology 1(2018):157.
  5. Clarke EL., et al. “Community screening for visual impairment in older people”. Cochrane Database System Review (2018).
  6. GBD 2019 Blindness and Vision Impairment Collaborators, Vision Loss Expert Group of the Global Burden of Disease Study. “Causes of blindness and vision impairment in 2020 and trends over 30 years, and prevalence of avoidable blindness in relation to VISION 2020: the Right to Sight: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet Global Health2 (2021): e144-160.

Citation

Citation: Palvi Bhunal and Raman Kalia. “Prevalence of Visual Acuity Among Adults (25 years) and Above in a Rural Community Area of Punjab". Acta Scientific Women's Health 5.3 (2023): 49-53.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Palvi Bhunal and Raman Kalia. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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