Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 1

HIV During Pregnancy: Downsizing Mother to Child Transmission

Asha KV*

Assistant Professor, Government College of Nursing, Thruvananthapuram, India

*Corresponding Author: Asha KV, Assistant Professor, Government College of Nursing, Thruvananthapuram, India.

Received: November 17, 2022; Published: December 26, 2022

Abstract

Yearly more than 1.3 million women with HIV get pregnant all over the world. There is a 15 - 45 percentage risk of transmitting of HIV to the newborn during pregnancy, labour and puerperium if left unattended. Thus prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV is highly recommended under the umbrella of maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health services and public health system. Appropriate management of mother during pregnancy, labour and puerperium definitely helps in reducing the transmission of HIV from mother to child. Antiretroviral therapy with combination of drugs is a legitimate intervention in order to minimise the risk of mother to child transmission. Special precautions are necessary while conducting delivery. As breast feeding increases the risk for transmission, it should be informed to the mother to make choice regarding this.Transmission rates can be reduced to below 5% with appropriate management.

Keywords: HIV; Pregnancy; Transmission

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Citation

Citation: Asha KV. “HIV During Pregnancy: Downsizing Mother to Child Transmission". Acta Scientific Women's Health 5.1 (2023): 31-35.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Asha KV. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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