Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 1

Evaluation of Incidence, Causes and Management of Neonatal Jaundice in Abia State Teaching Hospital Aba, Nigeria

Emeonye OP1*, Nwatu Madukaibeya1, Felix Chinwendu J2, Nwakanma Odochi2, Obioma-Anosike Ugonma3 and Akunna Okorie3

1Department of Nursing Sciences, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria
2Nursing Services Department, Ministry of Health Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
3Primary Health Development Agency, Abia State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Emeonye OP, Department Of Nursing Sciences, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

Received: October 11, 2022; Published: December 26, 2022


Background: Jaundice is the yellow discoloration of the skin and sclera that result from raised level of bilirubin in the blood and the commonest complication among newborn infant in Nigeria. When a baby has jaundice, either too much bilirubin is being produced or the liver does not get rid of it quickly enough due to immaturity of the liver.

Objectives: The objectives were to ascertain the incidence, risk factors, management and preventive measures of neonatal jaundice.

Methodology: Past medical record of the neonates from 2016 to 2018 were gotten from labor and Postnatal wards, and nursery units. Questionnaires were also used to collect data from nurses working in the same wards to ascertain the accuracy of the data collected.

Results: The study revealed that neonatal jaundice is on the increase and had the highest incidence between 2016, On the causes of neonatal jaundice,40 (80%) said enzyme deficiency increase red blood cell breakdown, while 10(20%) of the respondents said that ABO incompatibility. On prevention, respondents agreed that putting baby to breast immediately after birth, administration of phenol barbitone prevents neonatal jaundice, 40(80%) had the highest response. 8(16%) respondents agreed that health educating the mother on breasting feeding, while 42 (84%) agreed that early detection and proper treatment given with phototherapy or exchange blood transfusion increases the chance of survival.

Conclusions: To ascertain the incidence of neonatal jaundice in Abia State Teaching Hospital Aba between 2016-2018, The researchers concluded that this conduction is on increase and require intervention of health workers through health education, early antenatal visit, periodic check up of the pregnant women and prevention of toxic drugs.

Keywords: Jaundice; Neonate; Incidence; Evaluation



  1. Ahifors CE. “Criteria for exchange Transfusion in Jaundiced newborn”. Pediatrics 3 (1994): 488-494.
  2. Azubuike JC and Nkanginieme KEO. “Pediatrics and clinical health” (2015).
  3. Barringer K. “An emergency, medicine Approach to neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia” (2015).
  4. Denis T. “Clinical Evidence”. London BMJ publishing group (2011).
  5. Diwaker KK. “Neonatal hyper-bilirubinaemia”. A continuing saga (2014).
  6. Emeh AU and Oruambo RS. “Jaundice in the newborn”. Port Harcourt Medical Journal10 (2012): 110-117.
  7. Fraser DM., et al. “Myles Text Book form Midwives”. (African Edition) London Churchill Living stone (2012).
  8. Fremakinwa TT. “A Synopsis of medical surgical nursing”. 7th Baryosoye Printing, Asaba Nigeria (2011).
  9. Hannan C and Rennie T. “Health care delivery in the Tropics”. United State of American, Wool with (2010).
  10. Howard M and Oski JA. “Neonatal Jaundice in Eastern Nigeria life line”. Medical Journal for Medical Science 26 (2014): 11-20.
  11. Jellifey DB. “Diseases, in t he tropics”. Neonatal/Jaundice 7th Ed Michigan Elveser USA (2013): 999-1034.
  12. Kozier S and Erb’s. “Foundation of Nursing in Edition”. United state of American Pearson Education Inc (2012).
  13. Newman TB and Maisels M J. “Evaluation and treatment of jaundice in term newborn. A kinder, gentle approach”. Pediatrics 89 (1992): 809-818.
  14. Nworgu BC. “Educational Research Basic issues and methodology”. Ibadan wisdom publisher Ltd (2014).
  15. Tan T. “Approach to problems of community Development”. 13th ed London: African University Press (2013).


Citation: Emeonye OP., et al. “Evaluation of Incidence, Causes and Management of Neonatal Jaundice in Abia State Teaching Hospital Aba, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Women's Health 5.1 (2023): 26-30.


Copyright: © 2022 Emeonye OP., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US