Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

Family Dysfunction as a Risk Factor for Abortion in Adolescents Attended in the High-Risk Obstetric Service (Aro I) Hospital Escuela Orcar Danilo Rosales Arguello Heodra Leon Nicaragua

Javier Enrique Oviedo V1*, Yasmina Mayorga2 and Francisco Tercero3

1Resident Doctor IV Year, Gynecology and Obstetrics, UNAN-HEODRA, Nicaragua
2Specialist in Gynecology and Obstetrics-UNAN, León, Nicaragua
3PhD, Specialist in Public Health UNAN, León, Nicaragua

*Corresponding Author: Javier Enrique Oviedo V, Resident Doctor IV Year, Gynecology and Obstetrics, UNAN-HEODRA, Nicaragua.

Received: September 19, 2022; Published: November 30, 2022


Objective: To determine the degree of family dysfunction as a risk factor associated with abortion in adolescents attending the High Risk Obstetric Service (AROI) at the Oscar Danilo Rosales Teaching Hospital in León, Nicaragua, during the period August 2007-2008.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted, in which adolescents (10-19 years old) who presented with uncomplicated abortion at the León hospital were defined as cases; adolescents with the same characteristics but who carried their pregnancy to term and were in immediate physiological puerperium in the maternity ward of the same hospital were defined as controls.

Sample size of 330 surveys, with a confidence level of 95%.

The study consisted of 120 cases and 220 controls, for a ratio of 2:1. Each adolescent was given a survey consisting of general and sociodemographic data, including the family APGAR, which is an instrument designed to assess the systemic functioning of the family.

Results: The sociodemographic variables analyzed with statistical significance for risk of abortion in adolescents were family dysfunction, urban origin, and family history of alcohol use. Value of (p = 0.000).

The most affected basic parameter of the family function was participation, with a difference between cases and controls of 68%, and the second most affected parameter of the family function was gain or growth, with a difference of 53.5%, with greater affectation of the cases.

Conclusion: Family dysfunction is a risk factor for abortion in adolescents, proving our hypothesis, it was identified that the risk is aggravated if it is associated with urban origin, and family history of liquor.

Recommendations: Mainly towards parents to devote more communication with their children, more quality time available to share with their children, demonstrations of trust, effective communication, affection.

Keywords: World Health Organization; Pregnancy; Family


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Citation: Javier Enrique Oviedo V., et al. “Vaginal Discharge: Common Causes and Management in Women of Reproductive and Prepubertal Girls in a Primary Care Setting - A Narrative Review". Acta Scientific Women's Health 4.12 (2022): 70-82.


Copyright: © 2022 Javier Enrique Oviedo V., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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