María Beatriz González-Morales1, Yolanda Martínez-López2*, Jaime Salvador-Moysén2, Edgar Felipe Lares-Bayona2 and Raúl Octavio Tuero-Chairez3
1Health Promotion, Health Services of the State of Durango, México
2Academic Group of Public Health and Epidemiology, Institute of Scientific Research, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, México
3Emergency Area, General Hospital 450, Health Services of the State of Durango, México
*Corresponding Author: Yolanda Martínez-López, Academic Group of Public Health and Epidemiology, Institute of Scientific Research, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, México.
Received: October 19, 2022; Published: November 17, 2022
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of alcoholism in adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, who attend a high school educational institution in the city of Durango, Mexico; as well as Identify the levels and intensity of consumption according to gender and evaluate the behavioral change related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages, using the Transtheoretical Model of Change (MTC).
Material and Methods: The design of the study is descriptive, cross-sectional, prospective, the Questionnaire of Stages for the Modification of Alcohol Abuse was applied with modifications.
Study Group: 320 adolescents from 15 to 19 years of age, who attend a high school educational institution in the city of Durango, Mexico.
Results: The general prevalence of adolescent consumers of alcoholic beverages was 80.31%. The starting age of consumption is at 12 years of age. Adding the high and medium categories, the consumption intensity is greater in men, although the difference is not statistically significant. 33.85% of adolescents are in the pre-contemplation stage and only 29.57% of adolescents are in the action stage. The satisfactory level of self-liberation scores observed in those who are in the preparation and action stages, is 3.87 times more frequent, when compared to those who continue in the pre and contemplation stages. Unsatisfactory management of contingencies is 3 times more frequent, when compared to those who are in the preparation and action stages.
Conclusions: The prevalence of consumers of alcoholic beverages in the study group is 3 times higher than that reported at the national level in Mexico for the year 2002. The observed prevalence was similar in men and women. In the stratification by stages of the MTC change, 53% of consumers were found in the precontemplation and contemplation stage and 47% in the preparation and action stage.
Keywords: Adolescents; Alcoholism; Public Health; Transtheoretical Model of Change
Citation: Yolanda Martínez-López., et al. “Prevalence of Alcoholism in Adolescents in Durango City, México; And the Stages of the Transtheoretical Model of Change". Acta Scientific Women's Health 4.12 (2022): 27-34.
Copyright: © 2022 Yolanda Martínez-López., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.