Measles Outbreak Investigation in Pastoral Community, Berano District, Southeastern Ethiopia: Mixed-Methods
Fufa Hunduma Banja1*and Belayneh Leulseged2
1Assistant Professor at Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Ethiopia
2Instructor at Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Fufa Hunduma Banja, Assistant Professor at Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Ethiopia.
April 04, 2022; Published: June 15, 2022
Background: Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that is mainly transmitted by respiratory droplets and primarily invades the epithelial lining of the respiratory tract. It is a vaccine-preventable disease that was once inevitable before the introduction of a vaccine that infected almost everyone before the age of 15 years. This study aimed to describe and investigate risk factors associated with the measles outbreak and to implement early Measles control intervention in Bercano Woreda, Somali region.
Methodology: Mixed methods: we conducted a regular meeting with regional, zonal, and Woreda health officers to identify priority areas and data from cases and controls collected by structured questioners.
Result: We identified that there was a gap of communication among health facilities, and associated factors like Malnutrition which was significantly associated with measles outbreak with AOR 33.326 (95% CI 3.351-331.450), distance from health facility increased chance of infection by ten times, AOR 10.237 (95% CI 2.945-35.590). No vaccination increased chance of infection by 27 times than those who vaccinated; AOR 27.232 (95% CI 3.245-228.531). Finally, those whose family size in a single room greater than five has four times greater chance of acquiring measles with AOR 3.984 (95% CI 1.101-14.418).
Conclusion: Government bodies and stakeholders should act accordingly to improve the lifestyle of residents regarding malnutrition, health coverage, improve awareness of the community to EPI, and better housing and living condition. Finally, health information system monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened.
Keywords: Measles; Pastoral Community; Malnutrition; Vaccination
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