Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Literature Review Volume 4 Issue 7

Women Empowerment: A Literature Review

Deepthy James*

Lecturer, IKDRC College of Nursing, Ahmedabad, India

*Corresponding Author: Deepthy James, Lecturer, IKDRC College of Nursing, Ahmedabad, India.

Received: May 09, 2022; Published: June 20, 2022


Most females are not involved in economic and political decision-making, equitable involvement in the formal economy is constrained, less salary, and have unequal distribution of assets and property. Moreover, for a huge portion of women, the day when she gives birth becomes the most dangerous days of her lives. Inequalities are seen in all the nook and corners of the world which differ from country to country and region to region. The impediments and imbalance that women and girls experience frequently arise as they do not have control over their own lives and futures and are mainly due to gender inequalities in power relations. Women empowerment, this can only be achieved if from the very basic we nurture our children without any gender bias during their developmental stage by providing appropriate training, education, awareness, building self–confidence to women and girls, also providing them free reign to expand their choices, strengthen their voices and transforming power to claim their true right in the society, community and in their own lives.

Keywords:Women Empowerment; Community; Society


  1. Gates Foundation. “A Conceptual Model of Women and Girls’ Empowerment”. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundations.
  2. “Ending Child Marriage: Progress and Prospects”. New York: UNICEF, (2014).
  3. The website of the World Health Organization. “Violence Against Women”. (2016).
  4. World Economic Forum. “The Global Gender Gap Report 2016”. Geneva: World Economic Forum (2016).
  5. The website of UN Women: Progress of the World’s Women, 2015 - 2016.
  6. GSMA Connected Women. “Bridging the Gender Gap: Mobile Access and Usage in Low- and Middle-Income Countries”. (2015).
  7. Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli., et al. “The Global Findex Database 2014: Measuring Financial Inclusion Around the World”. World Bank Group, (2015).
  8. Cambridge Dictionary. “Empowerment”. Cambridge University Press (2022).
  9. Lohani M and Aburaida L. “Women empowerment: A key to sustainable development”. The Social ION2(2017):26.
  10. UN Commission on the Status of Women. “Agreed Conclusions on eradicating poverty, including through the empowerment of women throughout their life cycle, in a globalising world”. (2002).
  11. United Nations Statistics Division – UNSD. “Global Gender Statistics Programme Relations”.
  12. empowerment of women. European Institute for Gender Equality. “Empowerment of Women” (2022).
  13. Danone Ecosystem. “Women Empowerment for inclusive business” (2016).
  14. Ministry of Women and Child Development. “Initiatives by Government for reducing Gender Gap in all aspects of Social, Economic and Political Life”. (2021).
  15. Grown C., et al. “Taking Action: Achieving Gender Equality and Empowering Women, UN Millennium Project Task Force on Education and Gender Equality”. London and Sterling, VA: Earthscan (2005).


Citation: Deepthy James. “Women Empowerment: A Literature Review". Acta Scientific Women's Health 4.6 (2022): 60-64.


Copyright: © 2022 Deepthy James. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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