Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders Among the Relatives of Primigravida in Selected Hospitals of the City
Sankalpa S Bhingardive and Priyanka Salve*
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Maharashta University of Health Sciences, India
*Corresponding Author: Priyanka Salve, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Maharashta University of Health Sciences, India.
December 20, 2021; Published: February 25, 2022
Pregnancy is generally thought to be a time of happiness and emotional well-being for many women, pregnancy and motherhood increase their vulnerability to psychiatric conditions such as depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and psychoses . Postpartum Psychiatric conditions are often under diagnosed because they are attributed to pregnancy related changes in maternal temperament or physiology. In addition, such conditions are often under-treated because of concerns about potential harmful effects of medication . There are very few studies regarding of the prevalence of postpartum depression and its putative risk factors in Developing countries .
In the first three months after delivery, the incidence of Mental illness is high (about 15-20% of all pregnancies.) Sleep Deprivation, hormone elevation and massive Postpartum withdrawal contribute. Past history, family history, present pregnancy factors and other factors like unmet expectations are some of Postpartum Mental Illness. The three Major Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders are: Puperal Blues, Postpartum Depression and Postpartum Psychosis .
It is assumed that relatives of Primigravida mothers may not be having adequate knowledge regarding Postpartum Psychiatric disorders.
Methodology: This is a Descriptive study with Quantitative Research approach.
Results: From the total 200 Relatives of Primigravida, 25.5% were having Poor, 57% were having average, and 17.5% were having Good Level of Knowledge. No participant had Very Good Level of Knowledge regarding Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders. The Scoring for assessment of level of knowledge was prepared by the Researcher. The study is Statistically significant for the selected Demographic Variables which are: Gender, Education and Monthly Income at the p-value of <0.05.
Conclusion: The Relatives of Primigravida had Average to Poor Knowledge regarding Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders. The mean Knowledge Score of overall 200 samples (Relatives of Primigravida) is 7.78 which comes in range of average to Poor. There is need to provide basic Information and Education regarding Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders and create Awareness for Early Detection, Treatment and Prevention of Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders.
Keywords: Assessment; Knowledge; Postpartum; Psychiatric Disorders; Relatives; Primigravida
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