Jindal Preeti1*, Gupta Madhu2, Kundal Isha3, Muskan Mittal4, Gulati Ridhi5, Malhi Cherry5 and Akanksha Nigam5
1Consultant Fortis Hospital and Director, The Touch clinic - Advanced IVF and Gyne Centre, Mohali, India
2Professor, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
3Medical Officer, The Touch Clinic, Mohali, Punjab, India
4RMO, The Touch Clinic, Mohali, Punjab, India
5Consultant, The Touch Clinic, Mohali, Punjab, India
*Corresponding Author: Jindal Preeti, Consultant Fortis Hospital and Director, The Touch clinic - Advanced IVF and Gyne Centre, Mohali, India.
Received: July 08, 2021 ; Published: August 12, 2021
Objectives: As postmenopausal life span is increasing, urinary incontinence is one of the problems that has emerged as leading issues affecting quality of life of these women. Despite its prevalence this problem is often neglected and ridiculed as a condition which most women have to live with. It is important that we relook into this problem and not brush it under the carpet. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of urinary incontinence in women of all age groups (more than 18 years) and its impact on their quality of life which was studied so that true gravity of this problem in Indian scenario can be understood. Also now days several new non invasive methods like laser, radiofrequency, carboxytherapy, PRP, HIFEM are available with very satisfactory results and can be offered to these women . Their role is also discussed in this article.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2019 to February 2020 among women of age 18 years and above. The Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF) questionnaire was used to estimate the prevalence and WHOQOL- Age tool used to assess quality of life.
Results: The prevalence of urinary incontinence was observed to be 25.8%. It was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in age group of 66 - 75 years (33.6%) and 76 - 85 years (46.7%) as compared to other groups. Nearly 14.8% women in the age group of 15 - 25 years were affected. Social quality of life was affected significantly (38.4%) in these women though they were able to carry on daily life activity with UI (p = 0.022). Urinary incontinence decreased their self confidence and increased hesitancy to go to social events.
Conclusion: A significant prevalence of urinary incontinence affecting one in every fourth women with increasing age was observed. Also significant differences were observed in quality of life index parameters in those who were affected with urinary incontinence problems. Now a days several new modalities of treatment which are painless, non invasive and out patient based are available to treat urinary incontinence.
Keywords: Urinary Incontinence (UI); SUI Prevalence in North India; Quality of Life in SUI; Postmenopausal Women
Citation: Jindal Preeti., et al. “Female Urinary Incontinence - A Revisit on Prevalence of this Problem in Today’s Society, which is Increasing due to Increase in Average Life Span”. Acta Scientific Women's Health 3.9 (2021): 27-33.
Copyright: © 2021 Jindal Preeti.,et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.