The Effects of Changes in Eating Attitudes and Behaviors Associated with Pregnancy on their Status of Meeting Nutrient Intake References
Gunes Fatma Esra1*, Aktac Sule1, İcen Hayrunisa2 and Ikiisik Hatice3
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Marmara University, Health Sciences Faculty, Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Turkey
2Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Marmara University, Health Sciences Institute, Turkey
3Department of Public Health, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Medicine Faculty, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Gunes Fatma Esra, Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Marmara University, Health Sciences Faculty, Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Turkey.
July 27, 2021; Published: August 12, 2021
Background: This study aims to determine the effects of changes in nutritional behaviours of pregnant women due to pregnancy and their sociodemographic characteristics on their status of meeting nutrient recommendations.
Methods: This study was carried out with 656 pregnant women who were followed up in Family Health Centers affiliated to Public Health Directorate of Istanbul Province between February 20 and June 30, 2020. The questionnaire, which includes questions to evaluate nutritional behaviour and food consumption, was administered by face to face interview.
Results: It was determined that the average age of pregnant women was 28.8 ± 5.4 years and 26.7% were high school graduates and 68.6% were housewives. It was stated that 46.9% of pregnant women received information about nutrition during pregnancy. It was determined that as the education level increased, the consumption of snacks, adding to the diet compared to pre-pregnancy and the use of vitamins and minerals increased (p < 0.05). It was observed that 88.6% of the participants included foods rich in nutrients, mostly fruits, nuts and yoghurt between meals. The frequency of those below the estimated average requirement (EAR) value was highest in iron intake (98.4 - 100.0%), followed by folic acid (94.9 - 100.0%), vitamin B6 (66.7 - 93.5%), niacin (50.0 - 100.0%) and calcium (33.3 - 77.8%) intake, respectively.
Conclusion: Nutrient deficiencies are a common public health problem in pregnancy, therefore, pregnant women should be provided with nutrition and health education from reliable sources and the efficiency of nutrition consultancy should be increased.
Keywords: Pregnancy; Nutrition During Pregnancy; Food Selection; Eating Habits; Eating Behaviours
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