Role of Doppler in Fetal Growth Restriction and its Relation with Neonatal Outcome
Harpreet Kaur1, Balpreet Kaur2* and Anamika Garg3
1Associate Professor, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India
2Assistant Professor, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bathinda, Punjab, India
3Junior Resident, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India
*Corresponding Author: Balpreet Kaur, Assistant Professor, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
June 23, 2021; Published: July 09, 2021
Introduction: Fetal growth restriction effects 10% of total pregnancies.20% of still born infants have fetal growth restriction. Doppler ultrasound has an important contribution to monitor the surveillance of growth restricted fetuses.
Method: It is a retrospective longitudinal study conducted on antenatal women diagnosed with fetal growth restriction after 26 weeks of gestation who are admitted in G.G.S medical college from January 2017 to December 2018 with fetal growth restriction. Doppler indices were evaluated and correlated with fetal outcome.
Results: 87.5% of women with growth restricted fetuses had abnormal Doppler findings. Abnormal Doppler finding in patients who underwent caeseran section were significantly more.
Conclusion: To protect fetuses from sudden demise in a hostile intrauterine environment Doppler ultrasound provides an important contribution. Doppler changes reveal fetal hypoxia atleast a week before the non-stress test or the biophysical profile. It has therefore become the gold standard in the management of fetal growth restriction.
Keywords: Doppler; Women; Middle Cerebral Artery
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