Swati Jain1* and Kirti Jain2
1Consultant, Mobile Dental Clinic Project, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi, India
2Consultant, Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Ashok Multispeciality Hospital, Delhi, India
*Corresponding Author: Swati Jain, Consultant, Mobile Dental Clinic Project, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi, India.
Received: April 27, 2021; Published: May 14, 2021
Endometriosis is a pathological entity characterized by abnormal growth of endometrial tissue in ectopic sites which induces a chronic inflammatory reaction, scar tissue and adhesions that may distort a woman’s pelvic anatomy. The signs and symptoms of the disease may be contributed to the generalized inflammatory response of the disease. In women with endometriosis, the peritoneal fluid is becomes dynamic with the increased number of activated macrophages and important differences in the cytokine/chemokine profile. Keeping in mind the inflammatory milieu which endometriosis creates; it would be interesting to analyze its effect on similar health conditions affecting the other parts of the body as well including mouth. Oral health is a key indicator of overall health, well-being and quality of life. Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of periodontium and is characterized by periodontal ligament loss and destruction of surrounding alveolar bone. It is the main cause of tooth loss. The present article reviews the possible mechanism of association between Endometriosis and Oral Health. The literature search reveals three possible mechanisms include Oxidative Stress and Increased Reactive Oxygen Species (Ros) Production, Global Immune Dysregulation and Hormonal dysregulation. Endometriosis still remains a mystery to most of the gynaecologists throughout the world. It would be interesting to understand in detail whether an etio-pathogenic link exists between endometriosis and oral health. Further, population based longitudinal studies are required to assess the possible link to ensure comprehensive treatment for the patients suffering from endometriosis. Multidisciplinary approach is the key.
Keywords: Endometriosis; Infertility; Population; Pain; Oral Health
Citation: Swati Jain and Kirti Jain. “Endometriosis and Oral Health: An Unsolved Mystery". Acta Scientific Women's Health 3.6 (2021): 43-45.
Copyright: © 2021 Swati Jain and Kirti Jain. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.