Ehab I Mohamed*
Professor and Head, Medical Biophysics Department, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Ehab I Mohamed, Professor and Head, Medical Biophysics Department, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
Received: March 22, 2021; Published: May 01, 2021
Our everyday conversations on diet and fitness usually tend to focus on the amount of weight that we want to gain or most importantly to lose. What we overlook is that our body-composition is completely different, even if we are of the same sex and body weight. A sedentary lifestyle, welfare, and the culture of bad eating habits due to easy access to unhealthy fast foods are responsible for excessive weight gain and widespread obesity, especially among women worldwide. Obesity is a complex dynamic disease, which involves the interaction of many factors including genetic, metabolic, behavioral, and environmental influences. According to estimates by WHO, the prevalence of obesity worldwide has increased dramatically during the last four decades, with more than two billion overweight adults, of these, are over 650 million obese patients. If this trend persists, it is estimated that by 2030 a majority of the world’s adult population will be overweight and/or obese. Numerous studies by our research group concerning Egyptian and Italian populations showed that having skeletal muscle mass (SMM) has many advantages: getting stronger, reducing the risk of injury, supporting a healthy lifestyle in older age, as muscle generally tends to weaken. In a study by the National Institute of Health, it has been shown that a sedentary lifestyle accelerates the deterioration of muscle strength from 16.6% for people aged below 40 to 40.9% for those over 40 years, who showed also bone loss thus increasing the risk of falling and breaking bones. Not to mention that the accompanying rise in percent body fat (PBF) in these people increases the risk of encountering chronic diseases, such as hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and certain cancers, which incurs a 30% increase in the costs of medical care for obese patients as compared to normal-weight people.
Citation: Ehab I Mohamed. “Body-Composition Analysis for Women’s Health”. Acta Scientific Women's Health 3.6 (2021): 01-02.
Copyright: © 2021 Ehab I Mohamed. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.