Knowledge of the General Population about Chronic Kidney Disease
Maryem Labrassi*, Fadili Wafaa, Lamiae El Abbady, Meriem Chettati and Inass Laouad
Department of Nephrology, Mohamed VI Medical University Hospital, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh, Morocco
*Corresponding Author: Maryem Labrassi, Department of Nephrology, Mohamed VI Medical University Hospital, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh, Morocco.
April 12, 2021; Published: April 23, 2021
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem in Morocco and around the world. Public awareness is a determinant factor in the adoption of early programs of this disease.
The objectives of our work were to determine the general population’s knowledge of the CKD using a questionnaire, and to determine the impact of the participants' epidemiological characteristics on their level of knowledge.
We have managed a descriptive cross-sectional study using a survey carried out among consultants and their companions at primary health care centers in Marrakech. Our study included 200 volunteers aged over 18 years old, not working in the medical field, and having no personal history of nephropathy.
The predominant age group in our survey was between 18 and 29 years (43.5% of cases), with a female predominance 81.5% of the participants were from urban origin and 54.5% of the participants were married. Most of the subjects were schooled (85%), of which 34.5% had completed higher education. High blood pressure and diabetes were found in respectively 12.5% and 18.5% of participants in our study.
In univariate statistical analysis, the factors significantly related to the knowledge of the participants in our study about CKD were: the presence of a family history of CKD, and the personal history of medical intake, diabetes and hypertension.
The consequences of CKD amplify its socio-economic impact and deplete public health resources, hence the crucial need for the participation of the different actors of the health system for the implementation of public awareness programs on CKD. They should be more targeted to people with risk factors of CKD.
Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease; Public Awareness; Risk Factor; Questionnaire; Prevention
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