Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, AIIMS Patna, Bihar, India
*Corresponding Author: Athar Javeth, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, AIIMS Patna, Bihar, India.
Received: July 17, 2020; Published: August 28, 2020
Background: Osteoporosis is a silent thief of bone which is characterized by decreased bone mass density and gradual decline in bone tissue which increases the susceptibility to bone fracture. The objective of the study is to assess the bone mass density and body mass index and to find out the relationship between them.
Materials and Methods: A quantitative approach with descriptive survey design was used to find out the relationship between BMD and BMI and association of BMD with selected variables. A total of 100 people from general public were selected using convenient sampling. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the information about associated risk factors and BMI was calculated after measuring weight and height of the samples. Ankle Bone mass density was measured using ultrasound bone densitometer.
Results: The overall mean of BMD and BMI were -1.91 ± 1.47 (95% CI -2.202 - -1.618) and 25.38 ± 4.33 (24.52 - 26.27) respectively. A maximum of 43% of people were having osteopenia and 35% were having osteoporosis. The mean of age was 44.97 ± 12.257 (95% CI 42.54 - 47.40). The mean of weight and height are 64.39 ± 12.32 (95% CI 61.95 - 66.83) and 159.24 ± 9.27 (95% CI 157.4 - 161.08) respectively. A total of 44% were in the range of normal BMI. There was a nonsignificant weak positive correlation between Bone mass density and body mass index (r = 0.088) and significant negative correlation between bone mass density and age (r = -2.72) at p < 0.05 level. There was a significant association between smoking and Bone mass density (χ2 = 7.241 at df 2) at p < 0.05 level.
Conclusion: The findings of study necessitate the need for early identification of osteoporosis by measuring BMD and prompt treatment and thereby improve the quality of life of people.
Keywords: Osteoporosis; Bone Mass Density; Body Mass Index; Survey
Citation: Athar Javeth. “Osteoporosis - Relationship of Bone Mass Density with Body Mass Index and Selected Variables: A Descriptive Survey”. Acta Scientific Women's Health 2.9 (2020): 16-20.
Copyright: © 2020 Athar Javeth. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.