Department of Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Kebreab Paulos, Department of Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.
Received: February 26, 2020; Published: April 24, 2020
Background: It's important for women to find out their blood type at the start of their pregnancy. Blood will be taken to find out and there are four different types: A, B, AB and O.
In addition to blood type, women can have Rh factor (specifically Rhesus D antigen), which is when proteins appear on the surface of the blood. Women who do have Rh factor are classified as Rh positive (A+, B+, AB+ and O+) and women who don't are Rh negative (A-, B-, AB- and O).
Objective: Assessment on frequency of ABO blood group and Rh (D) negative among pregnant women attending at antenatal care clinic of Sodo health center.
Method: A retrospective study was conducted at Sodo health center ANC clinic from Jan-April 2019. A total of 270 study participants was used. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Socio-demographic information was collected by using pretested questionnaires. The data was edited, cleaned, entered and analyzed by using SPSS 20. Statistical test between dependent and independent variables has been done by using multivariable logistic registration. Moreover, table and different forms of graph was used to present data.
Result: Among a total of 270 study subjects, O comprised 41.1% ‘A’ (28.5%). ‘B’ and ‘AB’ accounts (24.5%) and (5.9%) respectively. Rh blood group results revealed that 7.0% of the participants were Rh negative.
Conclusion: This result showed that the most prevalent blood group is O while the least prevalent is AB blood group. The frequency of Rh (D) negative pregnant women was 7.0%, among these blood group O Rh (D) negative was the most frequent. Generally, frequency of Rh (D) negative pregnant women in this study is higher than most studies which were conducted elsewhere at different sites of the world which needs a great concern for appropriate prevention and management of Rhesus incompatibility during antenatal visit of pregnant women.
Keywords: ABO Blood Group; Rh (D) Type; Sodo; Pregnant Women
Citation: Kebreab Paulos. “Assessment on Frequency of ABO Blood Group and RH (D) Negative Mothers among Pregnant Women Attending at Antenatal Care Clinic of Sodo Health Center, SNNPR, Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Women's Health 2.5 (2020): 05-09.
Copyright: © 2020 Kebreab Paulos. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.