Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 5

Assessment on Frequency of ABO Blood Group and RH (D) Negative Mothers among Pregnant Women Attending at Antenatal Care Clinic of Sodo Health Center, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Kebreab Paulos*

Department of Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Kebreab Paulos, Department of Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.

Received: February 26, 2020; Published: April 24, 2020



Background: It's important for women to find out their blood type at the start of their pregnancy. Blood will be taken to find out and there are four different types: A, B, AB and O.

In addition to blood type, women can have Rh factor (specifically Rhesus D antigen), which is when proteins appear on the surface of the blood. Women who do have Rh factor are classified as Rh positive (A+, B+, AB+ and O+) and women who don't are Rh negative (A-, B-, AB- and O).

Objective: Assessment on frequency of ABO blood group and Rh (D) negative among pregnant women attending at antenatal care clinic of Sodo health center.

Method: A retrospective study was conducted at Sodo health center ANC clinic from Jan-April 2019. A total of 270 study participants was used. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Socio-demographic information was collected by using pretested questionnaires. The data was edited, cleaned, entered and analyzed by using SPSS 20. Statistical test between dependent and independent variables has been done by using multivariable logistic registration. Moreover, table and different forms of graph was used to present data.

Result: Among a total of 270 study subjects, O comprised 41.1% ‘A’ (28.5%). ‘B’ and ‘AB’ accounts (24.5%) and (5.9%) respectively. Rh blood group results revealed that 7.0% of the participants were Rh negative.

Conclusion: This result showed that the most prevalent blood group is O while the least prevalent is AB blood group. The frequency of Rh (D) negative pregnant women was 7.0%, among these blood group O Rh (D) negative was the most frequent. Generally, frequency of Rh (D) negative pregnant women in this study is higher than most studies which were conducted elsewhere at different sites of the world which needs a great concern for appropriate prevention and management of Rhesus incompatibility during antenatal visit of pregnant women.

Keywords: ABO Blood Group; Rh (D) Type; Sodo; Pregnant Women



  1. Pramanik T and Pramanik S. “Distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups in Nepalese Medical Students”. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 1 (2000): 156-158.
  2. Osaro E and Charles AT. “Rh isoimmunization in Sub-Saharan Africa indicates need for universal access to anti-RhD immunoglobulin and effective management of D-negative pregnancies”. International Journal of Women's Health 2 (2010): 428-437.
  3. Patel PA., et al. “Frequency and distribution of blood groups in blood donors in western Ahmedabad”. National Journal of Medical Research2 (2012): 200-203.
  4. Knowles S and Poole G. “Human blood group systems”. In: Practical transfusion medicine 1st Blackwell Science, London, UK (2002): 24-31.
  5. YMLo Dennis YM., et al. “Prenatal diagnosis of fetal RhD status by molecular analysis of maternal plasma”. New England Journal of Medical Science24 (1998): 1734-1738.
  6. Mohammad I., et al. “Prevalence of rhesus type and ABO Incompatibility in jaundiced neonates”. Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute25 (2011): 233-239.
  7. Maddocks DG., et al. “The SAFE project: towards non-invasive prenatal diagnosis”. Biochemical Society Transactions2 (2009): 460-465.
  8. Erhabor O., et al. “Abortion, ectopic pregnancy and miscarriages in Sub Saharan Africa: Challenges of Rhesus isoimmunisation in Rhesus negative women”. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology9 (2013): 15-26.
  9. Koelewijn JM., et al. “Effect of screening for red cell antibodies other than anti-D to detect hemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn”. Transfusion5 (2009): 941-952.
  10. Hay WW., et al. “Current pediatric diagnosis and treatment”. 18th New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw- Hill (2007): 11-17.
  11. Puangsricharern A and Suksawat S. “Prevalence of Rh negative pregnant women who attended Ante Natal Clinic and delivered in Rajavithi Hospital”. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand8 (2007): 1491-1494.
  12. Nabeel S and Bondagji. “Rhesus alloimmunization in pregnancy a tertiary care center experience in the western region of Saudi Arabia”. Saudi Medical Journal10 (2011): 1039-1045.
  13. Okeke TC., et al. “The prevalence of Rhesus negativity among pregnant women in Enugu, South east Nigeria”. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice4 (2012): 400-402.
  14. Temitayo OI and Timothy SO. “Frequency distribution of hemoglobin variants and Rh blood groups among pregnant women”. American Medical Journal1 (2013): 78-81.
  15. Erhabor O., et al. “Distribution of ABO and Rhesus blood groups among residents of Gusau, Zamfara state, North Western Nigeria”. Journal of Medical and Health Sciences4 (2013): 58-61.


Citation: Kebreab Paulos. “Assessment on Frequency of ABO Blood Group and RH (D) Negative Mothers among Pregnant Women Attending at Antenatal Care Clinic of Sodo Health Center, SNNPR, Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Women's Health 2.5 (2020): 05-09.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US