Salma Amin Rattani*
Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Salma Amin Rattani, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan.
Received: February 10, 2020; Published: April 09, 2020
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women both in Low-and-Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)  like Nigeria, Pakistan  and India  and in High-Income Countries (HICs) . These include Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Germany, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, Switzerland, and Sweden . However, breast cancer-related mortality is high in LMICs [5,6] where the majority of the cases are diagnosed at the late stages of the disease . Factors contributing to late diagnosis include lack of awareness about breast cancer, poverty, cultural and religious beliefs, misconceptions about the disease, fear of mastectomy, women’s lack of autonomy in health-related decision making , lack of adequate diagnosis, and treatment facilities . Consequently, when diagnosed the disease is at the 3rd or 4th stage of cancer. Whereas, more than 90% of women are diagnosed early when they have a locoregional disease in HICs . The early diagnosis of cancer, combined with an accessible, and affordable effective treatment, results in improvements in both the stage of cancer at presentation and mortality from cancer .
Keywords: Breast Cancer; Low-and-Middle-Income Countries (LMICs); High-Income Countries (HICs)
Citation: Salma Amin Rattani. “Early Detection of Breast Cancer a Need in LMICs". Acta Scientific Women's Health 2.4 (2020): 27-29.
Copyright: © 2020 Salma Amin Rattani. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.