Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 3

Knowledge Assessment on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Tulli and Ararso Districts, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

Reta Wakoya Anbesse*, Eshetu Gadisa and Getachew Ebissa

Kotebe Metropolitan University, Menelik II Medical and Health Science College, Biomedical Science, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Reta Wakoya Anbesse, Kotebe Metropolitan University, Menelik II Medical and Health Science College, Biomedical Science, Ethiopia.

Received: January 17, 2020; Published: February 10, 2020

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Abstract

Back ground: The livelihoods of most the Somali regional state people are based on herding and their life styles are mobile. The harmful traditional practices particularly female genital mutilation seriously affects the well-being of children and women. The age at which FGM is performed varies according to the type of mutilation being done. Sunna is generally the type that is performed at a very young age and even soon after the birth. In case of excision and infibulations, the child is allowed to grow older and usually performed between seven and nine years of age. This study aimed to assess the current actual status of female genital mutilation in the Tulli and Ararso districts.

Methods: A total of 57 subjects were included for quantitative and qualitative analysis. In the two sites about 15 Men and Women, 9 Youth clubs, 5 Victims, 7 boys, 4 Circumcisers, 6 religious leaders or elders, 6 local governments, and 5 Women’s Associations were interviewed. Under the quantitative approach, a structured questionnaire was prepared and piloted and administered through interview of individuals that were included in the sample. 

Results: Interview of men and women revealed that 53.7% of females were circumcised at Tulli and Ararso Somali areas. Interview of youth club also showed that 40% of the circumcision practices were continued and culture of ancestors and protection of virginity were still the two common reasons for circumcision practices in the locality. In all respondents interviewed, Sunna is the most commonly practiced type of FGM and Pharaohnic is the second type.

Conclusion: Convincing discussions and focused training need to be given to men and women, youth clubs, victims, boys, circumcisers, religious leaders, local governments and women’s Association to eradicate the FGM practice in the areas since knowledge, attitude and behaviors of the individuals with regard to FGM are still mixed.

Keywords: Female Genital Mutilations; Harmful Traditional Practices; Circumcision; Cultural; Religious

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References

  1. Assefa D., et al. Harmful Traditional Practices (2005).
  2. Fikrie Z. “Factors associated with perceived continuation of females’ genital mutilation among women in Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 20.1 (2010).
  3. Oloo H., et al. “Female Genital Mutilation practices in Kenya: The role of Alternative rites of passage: A case study of Kisii and Kuria districts”. FGM-report (2011).
  4. Ismail EA. Female Genital Mutilation Survey In Somaliland. Report (2009).
  5. Population Reference Bureau. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Data and Trends (2010).
  6. Unicef. Eradication of female genital mutilation in Somalia.
  7. Jeppsson A., et al. “Health care providers’ perceptions on harmful traditional health practices in Ethiopia”. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 17.1 (2003): 35-44.
  8. MCDO. Evaluation of MCDO Project at Keberbeya and Awabere Refugee Camps in Somali Region (2010).
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Citation

Citation: Reta Wakoya Anbesse., et al. “Knowledge Assessment on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Tulli and Ararso Districts, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia”.Acta Scientific Women's Health 2.3 (2020): 01-09.




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