Time to Cessation of Breastfeeding and Its Determinants among Mothers Who Have Children Birth to Three Years of Age in Mekelle Town, North Ethiopia: Retrospective Study
Tesfaye Techane Kelali1* and Aklilu Bezu Dinkesa2
1Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Oncology Nursing, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2Northern Command Referral Hospital, Maternal and Child Health department, Mekelle, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Tesfaye Techane Kelali, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Oncology Nursing, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
February 21, 2022; Published: September 28, 2022
Background: Data on time to cessation of breast feeding and its associated factors are scarce in Ethiopia. Hence, the present study aimed to assess the time to cessation of breast feeding and its determinants among mothers with children from birth to three years of age at Mekele town, Tigray.
Methods: Community-based cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted on 554 women, who have children from birth to three years of age in the in Mekelle town from March to July 2019. Participants were selected using systematic random sampling technique. Data was collected using interview administered questionnaire. The collected data were entered into Epi Info version 7.2 and exported to statistical package for the social science version 20.0 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Bivariate and Multivariate Cox regressions.
Results: The overall incidence rate of cessation of breast feeding before 2 years of age was 3.017 per 100 person-months (95% CI: .027- .033). Number of children [AHR 1.4; 95%, CI: 1.005, 2.04], intended breast feeding duration [AHR 0.72; 95%, CI: 0.77, 0.91], type of first feeding [AHR 3.93; 95%, CI: 2.09, 7. 39] and timing of complementary feeding started [AHR 0.44; 95%, CI: 0.40, 0.75] were factors significantly associated with time to cessation of breast feeding before two years of age at p < 0.05.
Conclusion: The incidence rate of cessation of breast feeding before 2 years of age was relatively better when compared with previous study. However several factors affecting time to cessation of breast feeding were identified. These factors should be targeted to achieve appropriate duration of breast feeding.
Keywords: Cessation of Breastfeeding; Mothers-Child Pairs; Ethiopia
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