Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 6

Patterns of Subjective Refraction by Optometrists in India

Deepak Kumar Samineni1,2, Dilip Kulkarni1,2, Naveen Kumar1,2, Nenavath Mohan1,2, Spraha Yadav1,2, Trupthi Gangarajaiah1,2, Vishwalatha Mandhadi1,2, Mohammad Nooruz Zaman2* and Aditya Goyal2

1Chitkara School of Health Science, Chitkara University, Punjab, India
2Sankara College of Optometry, Sankara Academy of Vision, Sankara Eye Hospital, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Nooruz Zaman, Sankara College of Optometry, Sankara Academy of Vision, Sankara Eye Hospital, Punjab, India.

Received: April 13, 2023; Published: May 26, 2023

Abstract

Background: Deciding what will be the optimal glasses prescription for a patient is also an art. The judgement is based upon the patient's presenting visual complaint, the outcome of subjective refraction, and a determination of the reason for the patient's difficulties. This is exactly the same manner with which medical problems are addressed - history, examination, diagnosis and treatment decisions.

Aim: Aim is to find the Standardized Pattern/Protocol/method of Subjective refraction pattern of followed by Various Optometrists in India to obtain best correction for refractive error.

Methods: The survey was performed in mid-August to mid May 2022 for collects of data 2022 year in every state and cities of India by using the Google Survey Form, A questionnaire of form was sent through electronic (e-mail), WhatsApp, social medias and through links shared, randomly chosen the optometrist and organisations. Keeping all together with the request of this data collections had collection has been kept open from 24 March to 18 May 2022. Survey questionnaire was given among 720 Optometrists and a total of 357 eye care practitioners individually answered to complete the questionnaire survey form.

Results: More the 50 percent of eye care practitioner do follow the optimal practise.

Conclusions: This study documented on the current day scope of optometrists practising subjective refraction are involved in multiple modes of practise, based on the questionnaire responses we were noticed that there are many variations in the subjective techniques followed and few of them were contradictory to the standard protocol.

 Keywords: Refractive Error; Spectacles; Vision

References

  1. Campbell C E., et al. “Objective refraction: retinoscopy, autorefraction, and photorefraction”. In: Butterworth‐Heinemann Philadelphia, USA (2006): 752-762.
  2. Franklin A. “Subjective refraction: Principles and techniques for the correction of spherical ametropia”. Clinical Optics and Refraction: A Guide for Optometrist, Contact Lens Opticians and Dispensing Opticians (2016).
  3. Anderton P J. “Implementation of evidence‐based practice in optometry”. Clinical and Experimental Optometry4 (2007): 238-243.
  4. Kolker R and Kolker A. “Subjective refraction and prescribing glasses: the number one (or number two) guide to practical techniques and principles”. SLACK Incorporated (2018).
  5. Maitra C. “WhatsApp In Health Communication: The Case Of Eye Health In Deprived Settings In India”. Manchester Metropolitan University (2021).
  6. Vasantha Raju N and NS H. “Online survey tools: A case study of Google Forms” (2016).
  7. Thite N., et al. “Pattern of optometry practice and range of services in India”. Optometry and Vision Science5 (2015): 615-622.

Citation

Citation: Mohammad Nooruz Zaman., et al. “Patterns of Subjective Refraction by Optometrists in India".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 6.6 (2023): 14-18.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Mohammad Nooruz Zaman., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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