Ragni Kumari1, Kavindra Pratap Singh2, Salai Dhavamathi Janarthananan3, Mrinal Ranjan Srivastava4*, Pragati Garg5 and Rajiv Janardhanan6
1Assistant Professor, Department of optometry, Era University, Lucknow, India
2Lecturer, Department of Radio Imaging, Era University, Lucknow, India
3Assistant Professor, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manglore, Karnataka, India
4Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Dumka Medical College, Dumka, India
5Professor and Head, Department Of Ophthalmology, Era University, Lucknow, India
6Professor and Head, Institute of Public Health, Amity University, Noida, India
*Corresponding Author: Mrinal Ranjan Srivastava, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Dumka Medical College, Dumka, India.
Received: September 29, 2022; Published: January 24, 2023
Purpose: A community-based study was conducted to identify the extent of prevalence of refractive errors among the type 2 diabetic population in Lucknow.
Methods: A total of 437 patients (> 40 years old) with type 2 diabetes were examined with a complete eye screening tests including objective auto refraction. Spherical equivalent refractions of both eyes were reported. Data collected include age, gender, general medical information and serum biochemistry.
Results: The mean refraction was −0.84 ± 2.59 D. Prevalence rates were determined for astigmatism (63.8%) hyperopia (1.4%) and myopia (0.2%%). 34.6% patients were emmatropic. Age is an important factor for all of the refractive errors. Correlation showed that every increase of one year of age and one percent of HbA1c is associated with 0.05 D (p = 0.003) and 0.14D (p = 0.04) shift in hyperopia, respectively.
Conclusions: This study provides epidemiological data on refractive errors in a North indian population in Lucknow, India. The Astigmatism prevalence is higher than the reported rates in the diabetic population compare to hyperopia and myopia. Second major finding was emmatropia.
Keywords: Refractive Errors; Type 2 Diabetes; Prevalence; Community-based Study
Citation: Mrinal Ranjan Srivastava., et al. “Refractive Errors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 6.2 (2023): 34-39.
Copyright: © 2022 Mrinal Ranjan Srivastava., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.