Muhammad Asif Memon1*, Asad Iqbal2, Mehak Nazir3, Saman Hamid2, Izmal Urooj4, Madhiha Jawaid5, Muhammad Atif Nisar6 and Beenish Atif7
1M. Phil Optometry, Isra School of Optometry, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
2BS Vision Science, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
3MS-Public Health, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
4Senior Lecturer, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
5Ophthalmologist (Lecturer), DOW University Medical Science, Karachi, Pakistan
6MCPS, Family Physician, Sina Health Clinics, Karachi, Pakistan
7MBBS, General Physician, Afiya Clinics, DHA, Karachi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Asif Memon, M. Phil Optometry, Isra School of Optometry, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
Received: October 21, 2022; Published: November 09, 2022
Purpose: To determine the variation of refractive error and axis before and after cyclorefraction.
Methodology: An observational, descriptive study had 426 eye and non-probability sampling technique were used. Patient selection according to inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: A total of 426 eyes were recruited and examined, who lay in our criteria of age The type of astigmatism has been identified by auto-refractometer both before and after instilling the drops of cyclopentolate, and the comparison has been made on the basis of auto-refractometer readings. Out of these 426 eyes, 238 (55.8%) eyes were of males and 188 (44.1%) eyes were of females. The variation of axis after cyclo refraction out of 426 eyes 293 (68.7%) patients had variation of axis before and after cyclo more than 5` degree, among those 293 eyes, 168 (57.3%) were of males and 125 (42.6%) were of females.
Conclusion: The study showed significant variation of refractive error and axis before and after cycloplegic refraction which was greater than 5 degrees. The major shift was compound myopic astigmatism into compound hypermetropic astigmatism.
Keywords: Refractive Error; Cylindrical Axis; Cycloplegic Drugs; Refraction
Citation: Muhammad Asif Memon., et al. “Variation of Axis Before and After Cycloplegic Refraction at Peadiatric Department of Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Malir, Karachi".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.12 (2022): 08-10.
Copyright: © 2022 Muhammad Asif Memon., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.