Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 12

Variation of Axis Before and After Cycloplegic Refraction at Peadiatric Department of Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Malir, Karachi

Muhammad Asif Memon1*, Asad Iqbal2, Mehak Nazir3, Saman Hamid2, Izmal Urooj4, Madhiha Jawaid5, Muhammad Atif Nisar6 and Beenish Atif7

1M. Phil Optometry, Isra School of Optometry, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
2BS Vision Science, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
3MS-Public Health, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
4Senior Lecturer, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
5Ophthalmologist (Lecturer), DOW University Medical Science, Karachi, Pakistan
6MCPS, Family Physician, Sina Health Clinics, Karachi, Pakistan
7MBBS, General Physician, Afiya Clinics, DHA, Karachi, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Asif Memon, M. Phil Optometry, Isra School of Optometry, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Received: October 21, 2022; Published: November 09, 2022

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the variation of refractive error and axis before and after cyclorefraction.

Methodology: An observational, descriptive study had 426 eye and non-probability sampling technique were used. Patient selection according to inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: A total of 426 eyes were recruited and examined, who lay in our criteria of age The type of astigmatism has been identified by auto-refractometer both before and after instilling the drops of cyclopentolate, and the comparison has been made on the basis of auto-refractometer readings. Out of these 426 eyes, 238 (55.8%) eyes were of males and 188 (44.1%) eyes were of females. The variation of axis after cyclo refraction out of 426 eyes 293 (68.7%) patients had variation of axis before and after cyclo more than 5` degree, among those 293 eyes, 168 (57.3%) were of males and 125 (42.6%) were of females.

Conclusion: The study showed significant variation of refractive error and axis before and after cycloplegic refraction which was greater than 5 degrees. The major shift was compound myopic astigmatism into compound hypermetropic astigmatism.

Keywords: Refractive Error; Cylindrical Axis; Cycloplegic Drugs; Refraction

References

  1. Clinical Ocular Pharmacology, 5th edition, Bartlett. Chapter 9: Cycloplegics. Table 9-1: Mydriatic and Cycloplegic Properties of Anticholinergic Agents (2008): 127.

Citation

Citation: Muhammad Asif Memon., et al. “Variation of Axis Before and After Cycloplegic Refraction at Peadiatric Department of Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Malir, Karachi".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.12 (2022): 08-10.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Muhammad Asif Memon., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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