Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 11

Knowledge About Various Aspects of Refractive Error in Patients

Muhammad Asif Memon1*, Zainab Ranjhani2, Mehak Nazir3, Muhammad Qasim4 , Noorul Huda5, Andleeb Abid6, Abdul Hameed7, Sadia Bukhari8, Muhammad Atif Nisar9, Beenish Atif10 and Muhammad Karim11

1M.Phil Optometry, Isra School of Optometry, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan 2,4,11BS Vision Science, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
3MS-Public Health, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
5BS Vision Science, Sindh Institute of Ophthalmology and Vision Science (SIOVS), Hyderabad, Pakistan
6Internee, Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
7MS Ophthalmology (Advisor), Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
8Ophthalmologist (Peadiatric), Peadiatric Department, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
9MCPS, Family Physician, Sina Health Clinics, Karachi, Pakistan
10MBBS, General Physician, Afiya Clinics, DHA, Karachi, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Asif Memon, M.Phil Optometry, Isra School of Optometry, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Received: August 19, 2022; Published: October 21 , 2022


Object: To determine the knowledge regarding refractive errors among outdoor patients.

Methodology: A descriptive hospital based and non-probability convenience sampling study. Total 200 patients were enrolled according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and those who gave consent. Researcher asked all the questions given in the structured questionnaire and administered the answers as given by individuals.

Results: The females were 59.5% and male were 40.5%, the maximum age were 51 and mostly were house wife a 34%. Refractive error was 66 about distance blur vision had 57% and they thoughts the blur vision occurs due to watching tv and mobile phones as 19%.

Conclusion: We observed that only a few of the patients shared a little knowledge regarding refractive errors, which reflected their poor awareness about the subject. Moreover, a majority of the participants were known of the fact that a poor knowledge of the refractive error can have a significant impact on vision and lack of knowledge may leads to the blindness.

Keywords: Refractive Error; Awareness; Outcomes; Sign and Symptoms; Causes and Occupation


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  9. Waleed Sultan Alruwaili., et al. “Prevalence and Awareness of Refractive Errors among Aljouf University Medical Students”. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine 70 (2018).
  10. Savur Shetal. “The Perceptions Regarding Refractive Errors and Their Psychosocial Impact on Youth in Dakshina Kannada”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 5 (2015).
  11. Abiy Maru Alemayehu., et al. “Knowledge, attitude and associated factors among primary school teachers regarding refractive error in school children in Gondar city, Northwest Ethiopia”. PLoS One2 (2018): e0191199.


Citation: Muhammad Asif Memon., et al. “Knowledge About Various Aspects of Refractive Error in Patients".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.11 (2022): 03-07.


Copyright: © 2022 Muhammad Asif Memon., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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