Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Case Report Volume 5 Issue 9

C. burnetii Chorioretinitis: A Case Report

Paolo Amato*, Matteo Forlini and Alessandro Mularoni

Ophthalmology Department, I.S.S. Istituto Per La Sicurezza Sociale, Repubblica di San Marino, Via La Toscana, San Marino

*Corresponding Author: Paolo Amato, Ophthalmology Department, I.S.S. Istituto Per La Sicurezza Sociale, Repubblica di San Marino, Via La Toscana, San Marino.

Received: July 29, 2022; Published: August 11, 2022

Abstract

Q fever chorioretinitis

The Q-Fever is a disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, infrequent zoonosis which rarely involve the ocular structures. C. burnetii is vehiculated by a organic/inorganic particles dispersed in the air (droplets). For this reason the primary site of infections is the respiratory tract. Clinically the Q-Fever may be misdiagnosed for a common flu also because of its self-limiting nature. The acute stage may be followed by the chronic phase in 5% of cases in which can be involved the cardiac and hepatic district [1,2]. The early diagnosis can permit the reduction of chronicity index and therefore the tissue damage and related organ failure, thanks to the use of doxicicline as first line therapy.

A great variety of chorioretinal findings was described related to infections of R. conorii, but very poor data was reported in literature concerning ocular findings in C. burnetii infection [3,4].

Keywords: C. burnetiid; Fever; Chorioretinitis

References

  1. Fariñas MT and Collado CM. “Infection by Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)”. Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica 1 (2010): 29-32.
  2. Gikas A., et al. “Q Fever: clinical manifestations and treatment”. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 8 (2010): 529-539.
  3. Udaondo P., et al. “Q fever: a new ocular manifestation”. Clinical Ophthalmology 5(2011): 1273-1275.
  4. Khairallah M., et al. “Posterior segment manifestations of Rickettsia conorii infection”. Ophthalmology 111 (2004): 529-534.
  5. Moncef K., et al. “Posterior segment manifestations of Rickettsia conorii infection”. Ophthalmology 3 (2004): 529-534.
  6. Bernit E., et al. “Neurological involvement in acute Q fever: a report of 29 cases and review of the literature”. Archives of Internal Medicine 162 (2002): 693-700.
  7. Schuil J., et al. “Q fever as a possible cause of bilateral optic neuritis”. British Journal of Ophthalmology 69 (1985): 580-583.
  8. Ruiz-Moreno JM. “Choroidal neovascularization in the course of Q fever”. Retina 17 (1997): 553-555.

Citation

Citation: Paolo Amato., et al.C. burnetii Chorioretinitis: A Case Report".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.9 (2022): 20-22.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Paolo Amato., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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