Ocular Morbidities in Indoor Pediatric Patients in the Ophthalmology Ward at a Tertiary Care Hospital
Maheshwari Dhwani R1*, Juneja Stuti2 and Ganvit Shankar S3
1M.S Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College Baroda, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College Baroda, India
3Head of Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College Baroda, India
*Corresponding Author: Maheshwari Dhwani R, M.S Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College Baroda, India.
May 02, 2022; Published: May 11, 2022
Introduction: Childhood blindness has nabbed 1.4 million children in the world. Africa and Asia have 1.3 blind million children. Two lakh blind children reside in India. The atrocities of the blindness of the child are magnified by the number of children affected and the number of years the child has to live with blindness. Preventable causes of blindness make up less than 50% of the causes. In developing nations, every minute a child goes blind.
Aims: A study was undertaken to identify the pattern of pediatric ophthalmic disorders in patients being admitted to Ophthalmology Department at a tertiary care hospital in Gujarat.
Settings and Design: Prospective observational design
Methods and Material: Children in the pediatric age group, from birth till 18 years visiting the outpatient clinic of the department of ophthalmology and being admitted for further management comprised the population selected for study, over one year, from 1st August 2019 to 31st July 2020. ICD classification was used.
Statistical Analysis Used: Frequency and percentage.
Results: The predominant subset of pediatric patients admitted were in the age group of 3-6 years of which male patients were 20% and female patients, 35%.The most common anatomical ocular structure involved was the cornea (54%). Most of the patients belonged to the trauma subgroup with a total of 36 patients (72%) and mainly had penetrating injuries.
Conclusions: With proper measures, preventable blindness can be avoided. Young children are susceptible to injuries while playing with fireworks, hence we suggest parents supervise their children.
Keywords: Ocular Complications; Visual Acuity; Ophthalmology; Children; Public Health; Ocular Trauma
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