Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Case Report Volume 5 Issue 5

Spontaneous Retrohyaloid Hemorrhage Revealing Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura: A Case Report

El Kaissoumi Loubna*, Mrini Basma, Boutimzine Nourredine and Cherkaoui L Ouafae

Service d’ophtalmologie A de l’hôpital des spécialités de Rabat, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco

*Corresponding Author: El Kaissoumi Loubna, Service d’ophtalmologie A de l’hôpital des spécialités de Rabat, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.

Received: April 20, 2022; Published: April 29, 2022

Abstract

Retrohyaloidal, or pre-retinal hemorrhage is a localized collection of blood most often between the posterior hyaloid and the internal limiting membrane.

It is a frequent complication of various retinal pathologies such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy, retinal arterial macroaneurysms, and may be more rarely secondary to a Valsalva or spontaneous maneuver.

We report the case of a 34-year-old female patient consulting in the ophthalmological emergency room for a sudden, painless drop in visual acuity in the right eye in which the examination finds a retro-hyaloid hemorrhage and a general clinical anemic syndrome.

The objective of our work is to underline the semiological importance of a unilateral decrease of visual acuity in the context of a hemorrhagic syndrome.

The occurrence of retro-hyaloid hemorrhage should suggest a syndrome hemorrhagic, which is most often associated with severe anemia. This must lead to an emergency etiological assessment, which can allow the diagnosis of a immunological thrombocytopenic purpura.

Keywords: Anemia; Diagnosis; Thrombocytopenic Purpura

References

  1. Goel N., et al. “Massive subretinal and vitreous haemorrhages at presentation in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: report of a case and review of literature”. Clinical and Experimental Optometry 97 (2014): 270-273.
  2. Holt JM and Gordon-Smith EC. “Retinal abnormalities in diseases of the blood”. British Journal of Ophthalmology 53 (1969): 145-160.
  3. Shah PA., et al. “Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura with massive subretinal haemorrhage”. Archives of Ophthalmology 123 (2005): 1612-1613.

Citation

Citation: El Kaissoumi Loubna., et al. “Spontaneous Retrohyaloid Hemorrhage Revealing Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura: A Case Report".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.5 (2022): 69-70.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 El Kaissoumi Loubna., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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