Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 4

Outcome of Epithelium-on Versus Epithelium-off Corneal Collagen Cross-linking in Keratoconus

Shaikh Jannatul Kabir1, Md Sharfuddin Ahmed2, Md Showkat Kabir3, Mohammad Shish Rahman4, Nirupam Chowdhury4, Mohammed Moinul Hoque4 and Nawreen Binte Anwar5*

1Resident, Department of Community Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Vice Chancellor, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Associate Professor, Department of Community Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4Medical Officer, Department of Community Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: Nawreen Binte Anwar, Medical Officer, Department of Community Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Received: March 17, 2022; Published: March 22, 2022

Abstract

Purpose: To compare and measure the epithelium on versus epithelium off corneal collagen cross linking in the treatment of keratoconus.

Methods: This interventional study was conducted in the Department of Community Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Shahbagh and Green Eye Hospital, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, from January 2020 to September 2021. Forty patients with keratoconus were randomly selected to one of the two treatment groups. Twenty patients treated with epithelium on CXL were considered Group I (n = 20), and the other 20 patients treated with epithelium off CXL were considered Group II.

Results: The mean age was 21.95 ± 4.19 years in group I and 20.9 ± 3.35 years in group II. The mean BCVA was 0.48 ± 0.42 logMAR unit in group I and 0.45 ± 0.27 logMAR unit in group II. Keratometry values remain unchanged in both groups except the mean simulated maximum keratometry readings. The simulated maximum keratometry in postoperative day-15 was 52.68 ± 4.02 diopters in group I and 56.51 ± 5.21 diopters in group II. The mean simulated maximum keratometry postoperative day-30 was 52.96 ± 4.02 diopters in group I and 56.6 ± 5.31 diopters in group II. The mean corneal thickness preoperatively was 450.5 ± 38.4 μm in group I and 445.5 ± 33.89 μm in group II. The mean postoperative corneal thickness on day-15 and 30 was 451.85+-38.22 and 451.6 ± 38.43 μm in group I and 437.9+31.38 μm and 438.5 ± 33.51 μm in group II respectively. The mean OSDI preoperative was 16.3 ± 2.23 in group I and 15.2 ± 2.07 in group II. The mean OSDI on postoperative day-1 was 17.15 ± 2.21 in group I and 15.75 ± 2.07 in group II. The mean OSDI on postoperative day-30 was 15.4 ± 2.11 in group I and 15.9 ± 2.38 in group II. The improvement was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Both procedures can halt the progression of keratoconus. In terms of results and related complications, both treatment procedures are equivalent.

Keywords: Corneal Collagen Cross-linking; Epithelium-Off; Epithelium-on; Keratoconus

References

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Citation

Citation: Nawreen Binte Anwar., et al. “Outcome of Epithelium-on Versus Epithelium-off Corneal Collagen Cross-linking in Keratoconus".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.4 (2022): 59-65.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Nawreen Binte Anwar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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