Radhika Malhotra, Yash S Shah, Paul D Langer and Neelakshi Bhagat*
Department of Ophthalmology. Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA
*Corresponding Author: Neelakshi Bhagat, Department of Ophthalmology. Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA.
Received: February 08, 2022; Published: February 18, 2022
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has increased since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Ophthalmologists and emergency department (ED) physicians should be vigilant in assessing patients with ocular injuries for a history of IPV. Our study is aimed to describe the epidemiology of patients presenting to the emergency department with ocular injuries secondary to IPV.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective study using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) from 2006 to 2016 in 60 emergency departments across the United States. 25,541 ED patients with an ocular injury due to IPV were analyzed. Main outcomes included race, hospital size, incident location, reason for assault, precipitating cause of injury, and medical diagnosis.
Results: IPV-related ocular injuries were more commonly noted in women compared to men (73.8% vs 26.2%). Most patients were in the young adult group (21-30 years old). Men and women were primarily Black in majority. In males, the precipitating cause of injury was either being struck by an object or injury by fire (struck 66.1%, fire 30.6%), whereas females were overwhelming injured by a striking injury (90.4%). The most common diagnosis was an ocular contusion or abrasion (males 43.4% vs females 53.4%).
Conclusion and Relevance: IPV results in significant ocular trauma that presents to the ED, and is more commonly see in women, black race, and young adults. However, men can also be victims of IPV and should be equally evaluated. Assessment of IPV is important in ocular injury seen in the ED.
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence; IPV; Ocular Injuries; Eye Trauma
Citation: Neelakshi Bhagat., et al. “Ocular Injuries Caused by Intimate Partner Violence Using an Emergency Room Database - A Gender - Based Analysis".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.3 (2022): 38-42.
Copyright: © 2022 Neelakshi Bhagat., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.