Kokou Messan Amedome1, Codjo Rodrigue Abel Assavedo2*, Kokou Vonor3, Nidain Maneh4, Didier Koffi Ayena5 and Komi Balo6
1University Teaching Hospital of Kara, Togo
2Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin
3Regional Hospital of Kara Tomdè, Togo
4University Teaching Hospital of Lomé Campus, Togo
5University Teaching Hospital of Sylvanus Olympio, Togo
6Sight and Vision Eye Clinic of Lomé, Avénou, Togo
*Corresponding Author: Codjo Rodrigue Assavedo, Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.
Received: December 27, 2021; Published: January 17, 2022
Purpose: The aim of our study was to list the common eye conditions encountered in hospital practice at CHU Kara in order to determine their prevalence.
Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study based on the files of patients who consulted in the ophthalmology department of CHU Kara from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019. From a target population of 550 patients, we retained 248 selected cases of conjunctivitis who underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination. The parameters studied were age, sex, profession, reason for consultation and diagnosis.
Results: The sample consisted of 550 patients. The average age was 34.63 years +/- 19.68. The 50 and over age group accounted for 40.55%. The sex ratio was 1.07. The visual loss represented 25.55% of the reasons for consultation. The eye conditions commonly encountered were conjunctivitis followed by ametropia then cataracts and glaucoma, ie 45.09% respectively; 28.18%; 15.63% and 9.45%. Retinal conditions such as retinal detachment accounted for 0.55% of all conditions encountered.
Conclusion: Our study confirms the predominance of conjunctivitis in hospital practice in our context. However, other ailments should not be neglected since they are sources of visual impairment that can impact the development of our societies.
Keywords: Prevalence; Eye Conditions; Conjunctivitis; Ametropia
Citation: Kokou Messan Amedome., et al. “Prevalence of Ocular Diseases at University Teaching Hospital of Kara in Togo".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.2 (2022): 04-08.
Copyright: © 2022 Kokou Messan Amedome., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.