Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 1

Prevalence of Conjunctivitis in Low Developing Countries: The Case in University Teaching Hospital of Kara in Togo

Kokou Messan Amedome1, Codjo Rodrigue Assavedo2*, Chakiratou Abouki3, Koffi Didier4 and Komi Balo5

1University Teaching Hospital of Kara, Togo
2Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin
3University Teaching Hospital of Kutuku, Hubert Maga of Cotonou, Benin
4Bè Hospital, Lomé, Togo
5Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Togo

*Corresponding Author: Codjo Rodrigue Assavedo, Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.

Received: November 18, 2021; Published: December 14, 2021

Abstract

Introduction: Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctival mucosa regardless of the cause. It is the most common cause of "red eye". The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of conjunctivitis at Kara University Teaching Hospital.

Methods: We carried out a retrospective and descriptive study on the files of patients who consulted in the ophthalmology department of the Kara University Teaching Hospital

and whose diagnosis of conjunctivitis was retained over the period from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019, i.e. a period 03 years old.

Results: Our target population was 550 patients from which we had collected a total of 248 cases of conjunctivitis, i.e. a hospital prevalence of 45.09%. The average age of the respondents was 30.20 years with extremes of 6 months and 78 years. The median was 26.50 years. The age group [0-40] years was the most represented. There was a female predominance with an F/M ratio of 1.53. Pupils, students (34.90%) and civil servants (22.30%) were the most affected. Pain, pruritus, visual impairment, and eye redness were the most frequent reasons for consultation.

Conclusion: Conjunctivitis is a frequent condition in our community and it uses statistical and epidemiological data to better equip itself in the fight against this pathology.

Keywords: Prevalence; Conjunctivitis; Kara

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Citation

Citation: Kokou Messan Amedome., et al. “Prevalence of Conjunctivitis in Low Developing Countries: The Case in University Teaching Hospital of Kara in Togo".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 5.1 (2022): 21-26.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Codjo Rodrigue Assavedo., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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