Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Literature Review Volume 4 Issue 9

Awareness of Diabetic Retinopathy among People with Diabetes

Muhammad Nauman Sher Zaman*

Optometrist at MOHAP, UAE

*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Nauman Sher Zaman, Optometrist at MOHAP, UAE.

Received: August 02, 2021; Published: August 21, 2021


Objective: To assess awareness of diabetic retinopathy among people with diabetes.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Ophthalmology Department, Munawar Memorial Hospital, Chakwal, Pakistan, from January 2021 to June 2021, and comprised diabetic patients of either gender aged 21-80 years. A pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic, diabetes and diabetic retinopathy characteristics. Fundoscopic examination was done, and the presence and stage of diabetic retinopathy were documented. Data was analyzed using SPSS 20.

Results: Of the 128 subjects, 15 (10.6%) were male and 113 (89.4%) were females. The majority 64 (48.5%) was aged 61 - 80 years. Overall, 74 (56.1%) patients were aware that diabetes could affect their eyes, 57 (43.2%) were never diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy, 76 (57.6%) had gained information about diabetic retinopathy from ophthalmologists, 61 (46.2%) and 29 (22%) respondents reported that eyes should be examined 'only when vision is affected' and 'every 6 months' respectively, 98 (74.2%) said the biggest barrier in getting eyes examined earlier was 'lack of knowledge', 23 (17.4%) believed surgery was done for diabetic retinopathy treatment and 33 (25%) believed that surgery, laser and injections all can be used. Significant relationship of diabetic retinopathy was found with duration of diabetes and the general health status (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Though more than half the patients were aware that diabetes could affect the eyes, awareness of diabetic retinopathy and its consequences was low.

Keywords: Diabetic Retinopathy; Diabetes; Diabetes Mellitus


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Citation: Muhammad Nauman Sher Zaman. “Awareness of Diabetic Retinopathy among People with Diabetes". Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 4.9 (2021): 45-48.


Copyright: © 2021 Muhammad Nauman Sher Zaman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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