Quarantine in COVID: A Necessary Public Health Care Measure?
Ranjila Shyangbo1* and Raju Kaiti2
1National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS), Nepal
2M. Optom, Consultant Optometrist, Nepal Eye Hospital, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Ranjila Shyangbo, Final Year, Bachelor of Optometry and Vision Science, National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS), Nepal.
May 17, 2021; Published: August 18, 2021
The world is facing an outraging pandemic of COVID-19 caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), first isolated in the Chinese province of Wuhan, which now has spread across 220 countries and territories resulting about 163,179,059 confirmed cases  with 3,383,606 deaths  and this number continues to change with progression of pandemic. What led to the pandemic nature of COVID 19 is its ideal attribute of high transmissibility, both via symptomatic and asymptomatic carrier. COVID-19 outbreak was declared as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern  (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020. Following the uncontrolled and explosive nature of the disease, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11 March 2020 . So far there is no proven pharmacological treatment and vaccine for COVID‐19. This necessitates to explore other options of decelerating the spread of pandemic. Of the many non‐pharmacological public health controlling measures, isolation, physical distancing and quarantine have been imposed and are found to be one of the effective ways to respond to the outbreak.
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