Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ISSN: 2582-3191)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 6

Clinical Classification of Ocular Injuries

Gowhar Ahmad*

Senior Consultant Ophthalmologist, Florence Hospital and University of Jammu and Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India

*Corresponding Author: Gowhar Ahmad, Senior Consultant Ophthalmologist, Florence Hospital and University of Jammu and Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Received: March 01, 2021; Published: May 14, 2021

Keywords: Lid Hematoma; Lid Laceration; Periorbital Ecchymosis; S C Hemorrhage; Hyphens; Corneal Tera; Scleral Tear; Traumatic Cataract; Vit Hemorrhage; Macular Edema; Retinal Detachment; Retained Intraocular; Extraocular F Bodies

  Ocular injuries are kind of emergency disorders which are seen by almost all ophthalmologists ocular trauma is a great challenge both for the treating ophthalmologist and patient as far as prognosis is concerned which depends upon nature and severity of trauma and early and prompt management of ocular trauma is concerned at present we recent advances in ophthalmology we have different subspecialities like laser LASIK phaco-oculoplasty paediatric oph neurophthalmology trauma Surgeons even if we have severely damaged eye is not enucleated at all even if multiple operations are done.

To understand what is ocular trauma we have to know the clinical classification of ocular injuries.

They are

  • Perforating type of ocular injuries
  • Non perforating type of ocular injuries
  • Blunt trauma
  • Finger nail eye injuries
  • Chemical eye injuries
  • R t a Road traffic induced ocular injuries
  • Sports related eye injuries.

Hen peck eye injuries caused by domestic birds like

  • Hen cat pigeon parrot peacock
  • Battered baby syndrome or shaken baby syndrome.

A kind of trauma induced by waist belt or whip lash injuries which result in Periorbital hematoma s c hemorrhage hyphens vitreous hemorrhage even retinal detachment.

Recent addition is

  • Pellet hit eye injuries
  • Pellets are hit from pellet gun to control mob.

  These pellets are lead bodies coated with some chemical or charcoal like substances which cause lot of eye reaction from each pellet gun about 66 lead bodies are fired and the ocular injuries are from lid Hematoma s c hemorrhage hyphema corneal tear scleral tear Traumatic cataract vitreous hemorrhage retinal detachment retained intra or extraocular F body.


  Ocular injuries are one of the commonest disorders seen by every ophthalmologist and the prognosis depends upon the type and severity of injury and early management at present the prognosis of ocular trauma is very satisfactory due to ophthalmic subspecialities and we are not in the kind of enucleating eyes these days even if an eye undergoes 2 to 3 operations.

In a way with available better facilities prognosis of ocular injuries is very satisfactory these days.

Conflict of Interest

I have no financial interest in publishing this article.


Citation: Gowhar Ahmad. “Clinical Classification of Ocular Injuries".Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 4.6 (2021): 37.


Copyright: © 2021 Gowhar Ahmad. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
ISI- IF1.042
JCR- IF0.24

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