Adel Alakeely*, Abdulaziz Alageely and Eman AlKahtani
King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author:Adel Alakeely, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 20, 2020; Published: February 27, 2020
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common viral infection in non-HIV immunocompromised posttransplant patients, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. We present a rare case of Isolated CMV retinitis in a non-HIV immunocompromised patient 7 years after a liver transplant. The 58-year-old patient was on Cell cept (mycophenolate mofetil), Tacrolimus, and Entecavir, and presented with decreased vision and floaters in the right eye. Vision in the right eye was 20/40, while examination revealed mild uveitis, retinitis, and a foveal-sparing subretinal detachment. The patient underwent a pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil, endolaser, and intravitreal Ganciclovir, with the silicone oil removed 10 months later. The patient's best corrected visual acuity (VA) was 20/60 in the affected eye 12 months after surgery. We speculate that his use of prophylactic Entecavir may have played a role in this unique clinical picture. We assume that the positive visual outcome was due to good VA at presentation, secondary to foveal-sparing retinal detachment (RD); this entailed the use of intravitreal ganciclovir injection after surgery with systemic Ganciclovir, close follow-up, and planning surgical steps prior to the intervention.
Conclusion: Careful surgical planning with the use of intravitreal ganciclovir injection after surgery and systemic Ganciclovir may improve the visual outcome in such presentation.
Keywords: Retinal Detachment; Pars Plana Vitrectomy; Cytomegalovirus Retinitis; Liver Transplant; Immunocompromised
Citation: Adel Alakeely., et al. “R Hegmatogenous Retinal Detachment in Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in A Post Liver Transplant-Immunocompromised Patient: Clinical and Anatomical Features and Visual Outcomes”. Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 3.2 (2020): 16-20.
Copyright: © 2020 Adel Alakeely., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.