Acta Scientific Ophthalmology (ASOP)

Opinion Volume 3 Issue 3

Congenital Glaucoma and Associated Anomalies

Pio Impagliatelli*

Ophthalmology Department at University Hospital “UMBAL Aleksandrovska” Bulgaria, Balkans

*Corresponding Author: Pio Impagliatelli, Ophthalmology Department at University Hospital “UMBAL Aleksandrovska” Bulgaria, Balkans.

Received: February 10, 2020; Published: February 18, 2020

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  Infantile or malformative glaucoma can occur in a high percentage of cases associated with ocular and systemic abnormalities. In some cases, atypical forms of associated glaucoma are not diagnosed early either because the characteristic signs of childhood glaucoma are not always present or because many of these associations are little known to the ophthalmologist. This occurrence is particularly evident for those forms of glaucoma that late complicate some systemic disorders or plurimalformative syndromes. The recognition of these forms is important because in many cases the presence of some associations profoundly changes, generally in a pejorative sense the prognosis of the disease, forcing different choices of treatment and also influencing the possibility of functional recovery. The best knowledge of the associated forms of infantile glaucoma on a malformative basis assumes great interest on a practical level also for the purposes of genetic counseling. Hereditary transmission (20 - 25% of cases) in simple malformative glaucoma is typically autosomal recessive, only 3% is transmitted with the characters of dominance. As regards the forms of associated glaucoma, the modalities of transmission vary greatly from case to case and are related to the underlying disease. We consider congenital or infantile glaucoma associated with ocular and systemic abnormalities that are often present simultaneously.

Malformative glaucoma associated with ocular anomalies

  Among ocular anomalies we consider dysgenesis-cleavage anomalies, corneal anomalies, iris anomalies, lens anomalies, pure and associated microphthalmos.

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References

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Citation

Citation: Pio Impagliatelli. “Congenital Glaucoma and Associated Anomalies”. Acta Scientific Ophthalmology 3.3 (2020): 01-02.



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