Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Review Article Volume 8 Issue 2

Revolutionizing Dementia Management: Insights and Progress from the Asian Pacific Region

Neeraj Verma*

Department of Pharmacology, Hygia College of Pharmacy, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Neeraj Verma, Department of Pharmacology, Hygia College of Pharmacy, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Received: January 10, 2024; Published: January 31, 2024

Abstract

Dementia is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a decline in cognitive abilities, affecting memory, thinking, behaviour, and daily functioning. It poses a significant global health challenge due to its prevalence, impact on individuals, families, and healthcare systems, and the lack of a cure. It is a syndrome caused by various underlying diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia. It predominantly affects older adults, with the prevalence increasing with age. The primary risk factor for dementia is advanced age, although genetic factors, cardiovascular diseases, lifestyle factors, and traumatic brain injury also contribute. The clinical features of dementia include memory loss, impaired judgment, difficulties with language and communication, changes in mood and behaviour, and challenges with daily activities. Diagnosis is typically made through a combination of clinical assessment, cognitive testing, medical history evaluation, and neuroimaging. Early detection and accurate diagnosis are crucial to initiate appropriate management strategies. Management of dementia involves a multidimensional approach aimed at improving quality of life, maintaining independence, and addressing the specific needs of individuals and their caregivers. Non-pharmacological interventions, such as cognitive stimulation, physical exercise, and social engagement, play a significant role in symptom management and slowing disease progression. Pharmacological treatments may be prescribed to manage cognitive symptoms and behavioural disturbances.

Dementia is a complex and multifaceted condition with profound implications for individuals and society. Early diagnosis, supportive care, and tailored interventions are essential for optimizing outcomes and enhancing the well-being of individuals living with dementia and their caregivers. Further research and public health initiatives are necessary to develop effective preventive strategies and therapeutic interventions for this growing global health concern.

 Keywords: Dementia; Cognitive; Neurodegenerative Diseases; Alzheimer's Disease; Neuroimaging

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Citation

Citation: Neeraj Verma. “Revolutionizing Dementia Management: Insights and Progress from the Asian Pacific Region”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 8.2 (2024): 63-72.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Neeraj Verma. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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