Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Review Article Volume 8 Issue 2

Understanding the Unani Concept of Amrāḍ-i-shakl (Morphological Diseases): A Review

Mohd Salman1, Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari2*, Aiman Shakeel Ansari1, Umme Kulsoom3 and Sana Kauser Ateeque Ahmed4

1PG Scholar, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India
3Lecturer, Department of Tahaffuzi Wa Samaji Tib, State Takmeel ut Tib College and Hospital, Lucknow, India
4Assistant Professor, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz, Al-Ameen Unani Medical College and Hospital, Malegaon, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari, Assistant Professor, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India.

Received: January 10, 2024; Published: February 01, 2024

Abstract

There are many people who suffers from some deformity. It may be congenital, developmental, or acquired. An estimated 6% of babies worldwide are born with a congenital disorder, resulting in hundreds of thousands of associated deaths. Globally, an estimated 8 million newborns are born with a birth defect every year. In the Unani system of medicine, various types of diseases are mentioned. Amrāḍ-i-shakl is a type of disease that covers diseases related to a change in the shape or form of the organs. Fasād-i-shakl is another term for deformity. Often Amrāḍ-i-shakl and Fasād-i-shakl are used interchangeably. However, both are not the same. This paper aims to describe the concept of Amrāḍ-i-shakl in USM and to differentiate the Amrāḍ-i-shakl from Fasād-i-shakl. Relevant literary material for this paper was collected from classical Unani literature, journals, theses, etc. The collected material was then analyzed and systemized comprehensively.

 Keywords: Amrāḍ-I-Shakl; Fasād-I-Shakl; Deformity; Morphological Diseases

References

  1. Byju’s. "Definition of Shapes”. Byju's (2023).
  2. Aqserai, J. “Tarjuma Aqserai mae Sharah-e-Mojaz”. Munshi Naval Kishore, Lucknow (YNM).
  3. Kabeeruddin H. “Kulliyat-e-Nafeesi”. Idara Kitabul Shifa, New Delhi (1954).
  4. Arzani MA. “Mufarreh-ul-Quloob”. CCRUM (2010).
  5. Baghdadi IH. “Kitab-Al-Mukhtarat Fit Tibb”. CCRUM 4 (2004).
  6. Shah MH. “The General Principal of Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine”. New Delhi: Idara Kitabus Shifa (2007).
  7. Ibn Sina IA. “Al-Qanoon Fil-Tibb Book 1 (English Translation by Critical Arabic Text)”. New Delhi: Dept. of Islamic Studies Jamia Hamdard (1983).
  8. “Standard Unani Medical Terminology”. CCRUM (2012).
  9. Ibn Sina IA. “Kulliyat-e-Qanoon. (Kabiruddin M, trans)”. New Delhi: Aijaz Publication House (2006).
  10. Konar, H. "DC Dutta’s Textbook of Gynaecology”. 8th, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher (P) Ltd, New Delhi (2020).
  11. Konar H. "DC Dutta’s Textbook of Obstetrics”. 8th, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher (P) Ltd, New Delhi (2015).
  12. Chaurasia, B.D. "Human Anatomy”. Vol. 2, 4th, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi (2004).
  13. Ibn Sina IA. “Alqanoon Fit Tib. (Urdu Translation by Kantoori GH)”. Idara Kitab-us-Shifa (2010).
  14. Cleveland Clinic. "Deviated Nasal Septum”. Cleveland Clinic (2023).
  15. Jakob K and Hoerter JE. "Caput Succedaneum”. StatPearls, StatPearls Publishing, Treasure Island (FL), (2022).
  16. "Definition of Malformation”. Collins Dictionary (2023).
  17. "Definition of Malformation”. Collins Dictionary, n.d.
  18. Stamm H. "Deformity and Disability: A Graeco-Roman Perspective”. The Proceedings of the 13th Annual History of Medicine Days, edited by Whitelaw WA, Health Sciences Centre, Calgary, (2004): 25-31.
  19. Majoosi IA. “Kamilus-Sana’ah. (Kantoori GH, trans)”. New Delhi: Idara Kitabus Shifa (2010).
  20. Quff IA. “Kitab Al Umda Fil Jarahat”. Vol-1. New Delhi: CCRUM (1986).
  21. Mohan H. “Textbook of Pathology”. 7th New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD (2015).
  22. Sadler TW. “Medical Embryology”. 12th, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia (2012).
  23. Kanimozhil S and Sathish R. “Unilateral Atrophy of Right Kidney – A Case Report”. International Journal of Current Research in Medical Science 3 (2017): 86.
  24. Golden MH. “The Role of Individual Nutrient Deficiencies in Growth Retardation of Children as Exemplified by Zinc and Protein”. Vevey Raven Press Ltd, New York, (1988): 158.
  25. Rivera JA., et al. “The Effect of Micronutrient Deficiencies on Child Growth: A Review of Results from Community-Based Supplementation Trials”. Journal of Nutrition 133 (2003): 4015.
  26. McArdle HJ and Ashworth CJ. "Micronutrients in Fetal Growth and Development”. British Medical Bulletin 55 (1999): 500.
  27. Jurjani I. Zakhirah Khawarzam Shahi. (Khan HH, trans). New Delhi: Idara Kitabus Shifa (2010).
  28. Chughmani S. “Qanooncha”. New Delhi: Faisal Brothers (2004).
  29. Sabaratnam A., et al. “Essential of Obstetrics’. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Ltd, (2004).
  30. Cunningham FG., et al. “Williams Obstetrics”. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi (2004).
  31. ArulKumaran, S., et al. “Essentials of Obstetrics”. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi (2004).
  32. Chandpuri K. “Mojizul Qanoon”. 3rd New Delhi: Qaumi Council Barai Farogh Urdu Zuban Publication (1998).
  33. Ibn Rushd AW. “Kitab-ul-Kulliyat. (Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, trans.)”. New Delhi: CCRUM (1987).
  34. Khan MA. “Ikseer Azam. (Kabiruddin M, trans)”. New Delhi: Idara Kitabus Shifa (2011).
  35. Khare C.P. “Indian Medicinal Plant”. Verlag-Berlin: Springer (2007).
  36. Baghdadi IH. “Kitab-ul-Mukhtarat fil Tibb. (Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, trans)”. New Delhi: CCRUM 4 (2005).

Citation

Citation: Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari., et al. “Understanding the Unani Concept of Amrāḍ-i-shakl (Morphological Diseases): A Review”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 8.2 (2024): 44-50.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In





News and Events


Contact US