Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 1

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Young Adult Female Students in the Holy City of Makkah

Aiman Alsaegh*

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Aiman Alsaegh, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Received: December 05, 2023; Published: December 21, 2023


Background and Objectives: Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of several risk aspects that considered to be the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Globally, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was extremely high. As a result, this study was initiated to clarify the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among young adult females aged between 18 to 25 years old who were attending at Umm Al-Qura University.

Materials and Methods: A total of 120 participants was included in this cross-sectional study. The data was collected through an online questionnaire regarding their demographic and socioeconomic states, lifestyle characteristics, menstrual cycle, and measurement that necessary to identify metabolic syndrome.

Results: Out of 120 students 22.5% was classified as overweight,12.5% were obese. The total prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 2.5% (n = 3). Metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with waist circumference (p-value = 0.005), total cholesterol (p-value = 0.03), low-density lipoprotein (p-value = 0.02), fasting blood sugar (p-value = < 0.0001). where the most frequent observed component of metabolic syndrome was high body mass index (25%), followed by hypertension (15.8%), low high-density lipoprotein (7.5%), high fasting blood sugar (7.5%).

Conclusion: This study shows the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among female students at Umm Al- Qura University, which is nearly 2.5%. This result is considered very low since only three participants have been diagnosed with this syndrome in our study based on the national cholesterol education program - adult treatment panel III criteria.

 Keywords: Cholesterol; Metabolic Syndrome; Hypertension


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Citation: Aiman Alsaegh. “Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Young Adult Female Students in the Holy City of Makkah”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 8.1 (2024): 51-57.


Copyright: © 2024 Aiman Alsaegh. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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