Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 11

Clinical and Laboratory Features of COVID-19 in Different Pediatric Age Groups

Huseynova IE1*, Hasanov AQ1, Mammadova FM1 and Gafarov IA2

1Department of Children's Diseases II, Azerbaijan Medical University, Azerbaijan, Baku
2Department of Medical Physics and Informatics, Azerbaijan, Baku

*Corresponding Author: Huseynova IE, Department of Children's Diseases II, Azerbaijan Medical University, Azerbaijan, Baku.

Received: August 17, 2023; Published: October 16, 2023

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to analyze and compare the clinical and laboratory results of COVID-19 disease in different pediatric age groups. Our research shows that children of all ages are vulnerable to COVID-19. For this purpose, 75 patients aged from 1 month to 17 years were included in the study. Patients were divided into three age groups: up to 1 year, 1-3 years, 4-17 years. The diagnosis of patients with COVID-19 was confirmed by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) nasopharyngeal swab, and an X-ray examination of their lungs determined unilateral or bilateral pneumonia. Clinical manifestations of the disease in children were characterized by intoxication of varying severity. It is clear from the study that common symptoms across all age groups were fever and cough. Loss of smell and taste, muscle pain, and headache, characteristic of COVID-19, were recorded mainly in the 4-17 years. Lethargy, cyanosis, reduced reaction to the environment, and muscle hypotension were more often observed in children under 1 year of age. Laboratory examination revealed an increased level of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1x, IL-6, IL-18), ferritin, fibrinogen, D-dimer in children. The biological mechanisms that determine age-related differences in the disease are still not fully understood, but the proposed hypotheses can be explained by age-related differences in the activity and maturity of the immune system of infants and adults.

 Keywords: COVID-19; Pediatric Age Groups; Clinical Features

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Citation

Citation: Huseynova IE., et al. “Clinical and Laboratory Features of COVID-19 in Different Pediatric Age Groups”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.11 (2023): 63-73.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Huseynova IE., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Acceptance rate30%
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Impact Factor1.403

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