Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 11

Impacts of Age Changes on the Temporomandibular Joint Ankyloses: A Contribution of Risk Factors

Rabia Zulfiqar1* Muhammad Naveed Akhter2, Tayyaba Firdus3, Rida Tariq4, Ume e Aimen5 and Masooma Sheikh6

1,4Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
2Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
3,6School of Allied Health Sciences, The Children's Hospital Lahore, Pakistan
5Kinnaird College For Women University, Lahore, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Rabia Zulfiqar, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Received: July 24, 2023; Published: October 11, 2023

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the risk factors that can cause and develop the Temporomandibular Joint ankylosis in various age groups.

Materials and Methods: This is retrospective study. One hundred and twenty patients were analyzed during the period of January 2015-December 2017 at the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. In relation to age, patients were categorized into four groups A, B, C and D comprising of 6 months - 10 years, 11 - 17 years, 18 -25 years and >25 years respectively. Identified risk factors were including trauma with the history of fall or road traffic accidents, middle ear infection and autoimmune diseases. Incidence trends were also noted.

Results: Trauma was the main factor in TMJ ankylosis caused either by fall or road traffic accidents. Group B represented the highest percentage of patients. Countless etiological factors had been attributed to TMJ ankylosis. However, patients with a history of fall and Road traffic accidents (RTA) estimated 75.8% (n = 91) and 11.6% (n = 14) of the cases correspondingly.

Conclusion: This study proves that trauma either falls or road traffic accident, represent the main contributory factor of TMJ ankylosis in Pakistan.

 Keywords: Age Groups; Temporomandibular Joint; Ankylosis; Risk Factors; Incidence Trends

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Citation

Citation: Rabia Zulfiqar., et al. “Impacts of Age Changes on the Temporomandibular Joint Ankyloses: A Contribution of Risk Factors”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.11 (2023): 10-13.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Rabia Zulfiqar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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